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16 October 2014
Ysbyty BrynaberCatchphrase

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Ysbyty Brynaber

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BBC - Catchphrase - Ysbyty Brynaber - week36

Week 36 - Main grammatical points

Pam na

Brian asks Agnes: Pam na cha i gysgu hefo chdi? And Pam na cha i ddwad yn ôl ata chdi

Pam na cha i? Why can't I

If we look closely at the construction

Cha i is the mutated form of Ca i I'll have

The aspirate mutation is caused by the negative na form which follows Pam Pam na cha i

Full forms are:

Pam na cha i? - Why can't I?
Pam na chei di? - Why can't you?
Pam na chaiff hi? - Why can't she?
Pam na chaiff o? - Why can't he?
Pam na chaiff e? - Why can't he?
Pam an chawn ni? - Why can't we?
Pam na chewch chi? - Why can't you?
Pam na chân nhw - Why can't they?

Note the other mutations

Pam na thali di? - Why don't you pay?
Pam na phryni di? - Why don't you buy?


Did you also note in the two sentences that Brian used the form chdi chdi

Chdi is commonly used in north Wales for ti

Hefo chdi means with you

Wela i chdi - I'll see you
Hebddo chdi - without you


Byth and erioed are two words that are used to convey ever/never or always in English.

Firstly let's have a look at byth.

Byth is used in negative sentences in present and future tenses to convey the meaning never. Note that byth takes the place of ddim.

A ches i byth hanes y Rali AA yn iawn - And I never had the story of the AA Rally from you
Dydw i byth yn mynd i siarad hefo fo to - I'm never going to speak to him again

In positive sentences in present and future tenses byth is used to convey ever or always

Dw i'n amau os alla i faddau iddo fe byth - I doubt whether I will ever forgive him
Cymru am byth - Wales for ever
Paid ti byth â dod yn agos ata i eto - Don't you ever come near me again

And now erioed

The general rule is that erioed is used in past tense negative sentences to mean never never at any time.

Erioed can be placed at the end of the sentence:

Dw iddim wedi bod i Lundain erioed. - I've never been to London
or it can replace ddim
Dw i erioed wedi bod i Lundain

Chwrddais i erioed â hi. - I've never met her.
Chwrddais i ddim â hi erioed.
In Past tense positive sentences and questions erioed means ever or always

Mae e wedi byw yno erioed - He's always lived here
Wyt ti wedi edrych arnat ti dy hun erioed - Have you ever looked at yourself?

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