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16 October 2014
Ysbyty BrynaberCatchphrase

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Ysbyty Brynaber

Original Catchphrase

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BBC - Catchphrase - Ysbyty Brynaber - Week32

Week 31 - Main grammatical points

Genitive case

Ochr y gwely - the side of the bed
Canol y dref - the centre of town
Pen y bryn - the top of the hill
Glan y môr - seaside, or, literally, the side of the sea

Are all common examples of the same construction. Note, another way of saying Canol y dref in English would be the town's centre.

So words ending in apostrophe 's' or 's' apostrophe take the same construction in Welsh.

For example:
cap y bachgen - the boy's cap
ysgol y ferch - the girl's school
perfformiad y tîm - the team's performance
Note also that when referring to a proper or indefinite noun, the y is omitted.

mam Arwyn - Arwyn's mother
brawd Jenny - Jenny's brother
rhif tŷ - a house number
a school's team-tim ysgol

In the same sentence Arwyn says 'ochr y gwely fan hyn'

Fan hyn/fan acw etcFan hyn means here - here in this place. Youll also hear fan yma or fan'ma.
Fan acw or fancw in north Wales means over there Mae o'n sefyll fancw
In south Wales the form often used is fanco
Mae hi'n eistedd fanco

When asked by Arwyn what she's reading, Jenny replies - Rhyw nofel.

Pam na
Jenny says - Pam na wnei di ofyn iddo fo?
Dic asks - Pam na wnest ti?
To which Arwyn replies - Pam na wnes i? Mae'r ateb draw fanco
Pam na wnei di ofyn? means - why don't you ask?
Pam na wnest ti? - Why didn't you?
Pam na wnes i? - Why didn't I?

Note that with verbs beginning with a vowel, Pam nad is used

Pam nad ei di? - Why don't you go?
Pam nad arhosaist ti? - Why didn't you stay?

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