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20 December 2013
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BBC - Catchphrase - Ysbyty Brynaber - Week27
Week 27 - Main grammatical points
Eisiau is the word in Welsh for to want. In north Wales it's pronounced isio
Brian says Dwyt ti ddim isio gwybod - You don't want to know
and Roedd hi isio siarad am yr achos llys yr wythnos nesa - She wanted to talk about the court case next week.
In south Wales it's pronounced isie. People in south Wales use another word for eisiau - which is moyn
Dw i'n moyn mynd
I want to go
Notice that when eisiau is used with 'Mae', 'Roedd' or 'Bydd', followed by the preposition ar, the meaning changes.
Arwyn says about his mother: 'Mae eisie cwmni arni hi' which means She needs company
Roedd eisiau newid arna i - I needed a change
Bydd eisiau cot law arnat ti - You'll need a raincoat
Note the idiom
Mae eisiau bwyd arna i literally means I need foodor
I'm hungry - Mae eisiau bwyd arna i.
Jenny asks Agnes when discussing Brian's late nights
Wedi bod allan yn yfed oedd o?
Note the order of the question
In the question form you would expect the verb to come at the beginning of the sentence;
Oedd o wedi bod allan yn yfed?
The answers being Oedd or Nac oedd
However, when an element of a sentence needs to be emphasised, that element is placed at the beginning.
'Wedi bod allan yn yfed oedd o' emphasises the fact that he had been out drinking.
The answer to an emphatic question of this kind is 'Ie' or 'Nage'.
Another example of an emphatic sentence is when Brian says:Uwd oedden ni'n gael i fwyta i frecwast - It was porridge that we had to eat for breakfast
Yn ôl/I nôl/Nôl
Note the different meanings of 'yn ôl' or 'nôl'.
Brain says: Mae hi'n braf bod yn ôl - Its good to be back.
Mae'n braf dy gael di'n ôl - It's good to have you back.
I nôl means to fetch.
Dw i'n mynd i nôl llaeth - I'm going to fetch some milk.
Another meaning that you might come across for 'yn ôl' is: according to
Yn ôl Brian, bydd popeth yn iawn - According to Brian, everything will be fine
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