BBC HomeExplore the BBC
This page has been archived and is no longer updated. Find out more about page archiving.

16 October 2014
Ysbyty BrynaberCatchphrase

BBC Homepage
Wales Home
Learn Welsh


Ysbyty Brynaber

Original Catchphrase

Cam ymlaen

The Lloyds

Dyma'r Newyddion


Message board

Contact Us

lesson, gwers
BBC - Catchphrase - Ysbyty Brynaber - Week 17

Week 17 - Main grammatical points

We have already come across the clauses that follow verbs like meddwl, dweud, credu, gobeithio and so on.

When we join the two sentences 'Dw i'n meddwl' and 'Mae Brian yn mynd' we get

'Dw i'n meddwl bod Brian yn mynd'

or 'Mae hi'n gobeithio' and 'Dw i'n mynd' we get:

'Mae hi'n gobeithio fy mod i'n mynd'

However if the clause that follows is emphatic then it is introduced by mai spelt m-a-i - mai for example:

'Fe ydy'r gore' is an emphatic sentence. When placed as a clause following 'Dw i'n meddwl', it becomes

Dw i'n meddwl mai fe ydy'r gore - I think that he's the best
Roeddet ti'n dweud mai nhw oedd yn chwarae -You were saying that they were playing.

Oeddech chi'n gwybod mai hi oedd wrth y drws? Did you know that she was at the door?

In south Wales the word mai is replaced by taw eg:

Roedd Brian yn meddwl taw rhai ail-law oedden nhw
Brian thought that they were second-hand

Roeddwn i'n meddwl taw fan hyn wnaethon ni gwrdd
I thought that it was here that we met

Sa i/Smo i

Agnes often uses the phrase Sa i - Sa i'n mynd
Dic also use the same phrase Sa i'n cofio

Sa i is the south Wales form of the the negative form of the
present tense of the verb to be.

Dw i ddim yn mynd becomes Sa i'n mynd

Dw i ddim yn hoffi - Sa i'n hoffi
Sometimes you'll here Smo
Smo i'n hoffi; Smo i'n deall

The other forms are

So ti or Smo ti - You're not
So fe/So hi or Smo fe/Smo hi - He/She isn't
So ni or Smo ni - We're not
So chi or Smo chi - You're not
So nhw or Smo nhw - They're not

language tools
Help / Cymorth
A comprehensive print-out grammar guide

The best of the rest for learning Welsh online

BBC Vocab: A Window into Welsh. Have trouble understanding Welsh on the web? Here's the answer.

Sites in Welsh for your kids
Tweenies Cymraeg
Celtiaid yr Oes Haearn

About the BBC | Help | Terms of Use | Privacy & Cookies Policy