Skip to main content
Access keys help
Explore the BBC
This page has been archived and is no longer updated.
Find out more about page archiving.
16 October 2014
BBC - Catchphrase - Ysbyty Brynaber - Week 16
Week 16 - Main grammatical points
'Fues i' can be translated in English as I have been to, I was or I went to:
Fues i i Aberystwyth - I went to Aberystwyth
Fues i'n canu - I've been singing
Fues i'n lwcus - I was lucky
Here are the full forms:
Fues i - Fues i ddim
Fuest ti - Fuest ti ddim
Fuodd e/o - Fuodd e/o ddim
Fuodd hi - Fuodd hi ddim
Fuon ni - Fuon ni ddim
Fuoch chi - Fuoch chi ddim
Fuon nhw - Fuon nhw ddim
Question forms are Fuest ti? or Fuodd hi?
And the answer for all persons of the verb is Do or Naddo
Let's have a look at:
Mae rhaid i fi
The full forms of rhaid are
Mae rhaid i fi
Mae rhaid i ti
Mae rhaid iddo fo/fe
Mae rhaid iddi hi
Mae rhaid i ni
Mae rhaid ichi
Mae rhaid iddyn nhw
Notice that the soft mutation follows the pronoun
Mae rhaid i fi fynd
In the past tense - I had to, the form is Roedd rhaid i fi
And in the future - I'll have to is Bydd rhaid i fi.
The other form that you might here is
Dw i'n gorfod
Dw i'n gorfod mynd - I have to go or I must go.
Note the construction for ownership - often expressed in English by mine, yours, his and theirs.
Fi biau hwn - I own this or this is mine
Ti biau'r car yna - That's your car
Pwy biau hwn - Whose is this?
The questions are formed by voice inflection
Chi biau hwn? - Is this yours?
and the answer always Ie or Nage
English to Welsh
Welsh to English
Help / Cymorth
A comprehensive print-out
The best of the rest for learning Welsh
A Window into Welsh. Have trouble understanding Welsh on the web?
Here's the answer.
Sites in Welsh for your kids
Celtiaid yr Oes Haearn
About the BBC
Privacy & Cookies Policy