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16 October 2014
Ysbyty BrynaberCatchphrase

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Ysbyty Brynaber

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BBC - Catchphrase - Ysbyty Brynaber - Week 16


Week 16 - Main grammatical points

'Fues i' can be translated in English as I have been to, I was or I went to:

For example:
Fues i i Aberystwyth - I went to Aberystwyth
Fues i'n canu - I've been singing
Fues i'n lwcus - I was lucky

Here are the full forms:
Fues i - Fues i ddim
Fuest ti - Fuest ti ddim
Fuodd e/o - Fuodd e/o ddim
Fuodd hi - Fuodd hi ddim
Fuon ni - Fuon ni ddim
Fuoch chi - Fuoch chi ddim
Fuon nhw - Fuon nhw ddim

Question forms are Fuest ti? or Fuodd hi?
And the answer for all persons of the verb is Do or Naddo

Rhaid

Let's have a look at:

Mae rhaid i fi

The full forms of rhaid are

Mae rhaid i fi
Mae rhaid i ti
Mae rhaid iddo fo/fe
Mae rhaid iddi hi
Mae rhaid i ni
Mae rhaid ichi
Mae rhaid iddyn nhw
Notice that the soft mutation follows the pronoun
Mae rhaid i fi fynd

In the past tense - I had to, the form is Roedd rhaid i fi
And in the future - I'll have to is Bydd rhaid i fi.

The other form that you might here is
Dw i'n gorfod
Dw i'n gorfod mynd - I have to go or I must go.

Piau

Note the construction for ownership - often expressed in English by mine, yours, his and theirs.

Fi biau hwn - I own this or this is mine
Ti biau'r car yna - That's your car
Pwy biau hwn - Whose is this?

The questions are formed by voice inflection

Chi biau hwn? - Is this yours?
and the answer always Ie or Nage

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