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16 October 2014
Ysbyty BrynaberCatchphrase

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Ysbyty Brynaber

Original Catchphrase

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BBC - Catchphrase - Ysbyty Brynaber - Week 4

Week 4 - Main grammatical points

Expressing the past tense

Short forms of the past tense is formed by adding endings to the stem of the verb.

For example:

Edrych -
Edrychais i
Edrychaist ti
Edrychodd e or edrychodd o (North Wales)
Edrychodd hi
Edrychon ni
Edrychoch chi
Edrychon nhw

Another way of conveying the same meaning is to use the past tense of the verb gwneud with the verb noun:

Mi wnes i alw - I called

Wnes i feddwl - I thought

Beth wnaeth ddigwydd - What happened

Ddaru is also used to convey the same meaning in North Wales

Ddaru fi alw - I called

Ddaru fi feddwl - I thought

Beth ddaru ddigwydd - What happened

Noun clauses introduced by 'bod'

Take the two sentences. Dw i'n meddwl - I think and Mae Jenny yn poeni - Jenny is worried. When we combine both sentences - In English using the word that and in Welsh bod the construction is:

Dw i'n meddwl bod Jenny yn poeni - I think that Jenny is worried

The following forms are used with pronouns

Y mod i
Dy fod ti
Ei fod e
Ei fod o
Ein bod ni
Eich bod chi
Eu bod nhw
Dw i'n meddwl ein bod ni'n deall ein gilydd - I think that we understand each other

Beth taswn i'n dweud ych bod chi ar fai - What if I said that you were mistaken

Dw i'n gwybod y mod i'n hwyr - I know that I'm late

Useful expressions

Wyn falch o glywed - I'm glad to hear

Chi ddim yn cytuno - Dont you agree - cytuno to agree

Trueni - A piti - dyna drueni - what a pity

Cwyno am bytu - To complain about - am bytu is a common expression in South Wales - clywed am bytu - to hear about, siarad am bytu - to speak about.

Cael trafferth - To experience difficulties

Mynd â nhw - To take them

Dod â nhw - To bring them

Daeth o â nhw - He brought them

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