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16 October 2014
BBC - Catchphrase - Ysbyty Brynaber - Week 4
Week 4 - Main grammatical points
Expressing the past tense
Short forms of the past tense is formed by adding endings to the stem of the verb.
Edrychodd e or edrychodd o (North Wales)
Another way of conveying the same meaning is to use the past tense of the verb gwneud with the verb noun:
Mi wnes i alw - I called
Wnes i feddwl - I thought
Beth wnaeth ddigwydd - What happened
Ddaru is also used to convey the same meaning in North Wales
Ddaru fi alw - I called
Ddaru fi feddwl - I thought
Beth ddaru ddigwydd - What happened
Noun clauses introduced by 'bod'
Take the two sentences. Dw i'n meddwl - I think and Mae Jenny yn poeni - Jenny is worried. When we combine both sentences - In English using the word that and in Welsh bod the construction is:
Dw i'n meddwl bod Jenny yn poeni - I think that Jenny is worried
The following forms are used with pronouns
Y mod i
Dy fod ti
Ei fod e
Ei fod o
Ein bod ni
Eich bod chi
Eu bod nhw
Dw i'n meddwl ein bod ni'n deall ein gilydd - I think that we understand each other
Beth taswn i'n dweud ych bod chi ar fai - What if I said that you were mistaken
Dw i'n gwybod y mod i'n hwyr - I know that I'm late
Wyn falch o glywed - I'm glad to hear
Chi ddim yn cytuno - Dont you agree - cytuno to agree
Trueni - A piti - dyna drueni - what a pity
Cwyno am bytu - To complain about - am bytu is a common expression in South Wales - clywed am bytu - to hear about, siarad am bytu - to speak about.
Cael trafferth - To experience difficulties
Mynd â nhw - To take them
Dod â nhw - To bring them
Daeth o â nhw - He brought them
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