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19 April 2014
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BBC - Catchphrase - Ysbyty Brynaber - Week 2
Week 2 - Main grammatical points
Features of conversational Welsh
One of the features of conversational Welsh is the way that syllables at the beginning and end of words tend to be lost. Take the present tense of the verb to be.
Dw i, Wi and even Fi are heard for example - Dw i'n mynd (North Wales)
Wi'n mynd or Fi'n mynd (South Wales)
Mae is often shortened to Ma - Ma fe'n mynd
Dy ni - Dan ni (North Wales)
Dych chi - Dach chi
Does dim becomes sdim - Sdim pwynt;
Short form of Gallu
You probably know the form rydw i'n gallu - I can or I'm able to
Dw i ddim yn gallu - I can't.
The equivalent form using the short form of gallu is Galla i or the negative form Allai i ddim
Alla i ddim ffeindio braich y nghot i - I can't find the arm of my coat
Alla i ddim ei ffeindio hi - I can't find it
Alla i ddim gwneid dim byd I cant do anything.
The full form of gallu using the short form is:
Alliff e/Alliff hi in South Wales
Allith o/Allith hi in North Wales
Fydd rhaid i fi
Mae rhaid i fi - I must
Allai i ddim - I will have to
Fydd rhaid i fi gwyno - I will have to complain
Fydd rhaid imi fynd - I will have to go
Ble yn y byd mawr? - Literally - Where in the big world? - Where on earth?
Welsh has a few forms for woman :
In North Wales the word commonly used for woman is dynas. The other forms that you will hear are menyw and gwraig
Gwraig can also mean wife.
Ogla comes from the word arogl meaning smell
Notice that the verb with ogla is clywed literally to hear a smell.
In South Wales the form is gwynt
Mae gwynt drwg yma - there's a nasty smell here.
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