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16 October 2014
Ysbyty BrynaberCatchphrase

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Ysbyty Brynaber

Original Catchphrase

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BBC - Catchphrase - Ysbyty Brynaber - Week 2

Week 2 - Main grammatical points

Features of conversational Welsh

One of the features of conversational Welsh is the way that syllables at the beginning and end of words tend to be lost. Take the present tense of the verb to be.

Dw i, Wi and even Fi are heard for example - Dw i'n mynd (North Wales)
Wi'n mynd or Fi'n mynd (South Wales)
Ti'n hoffi

Mae is often shortened to Ma - Ma fe'n mynd
Dy ni - Dan ni (North Wales)
Dych chi - Dach chi
Ma'n nhw.

Does dim becomes sdim - Sdim pwynt;

Short form of Gallu

You probably know the form rydw i'n gallu - I can or I'm able to
Dw i ddim yn gallu - I can't.

The equivalent form using the short form of gallu is Galla i or the negative form Allai i ddim

Alla i ddim ffeindio braich y nghot i - I can't find the arm of my coat

Alla i ddim ei ffeindio hi - I can't find it

Alla i ddim gwneid dim byd I cant do anything.

The full form of gallu using the short form is:
Alla i
Alli di
Alliff e/Alliff hi in South Wales
Allith o/Allith hi in North Wales
Allwn ni
Allwch chi
Allan nhw

Fydd rhaid i fi

Mae rhaid i fi - I must

Allai i ddim - I will have to

Fydd rhaid i fi gwyno - I will have to complain

Fydd rhaid imi fynd - I will have to go


Ble yn y byd mawr? - Literally - Where in the big world? - Where on earth?

Welsh has a few forms for woman :

In North Wales the word commonly used for woman is dynas. The other forms that you will hear are menyw and gwraig
Gwraig can also mean wife.

Ogla comes from the word arogl meaning smell

Notice that the verb with ogla is clywed literally to hear a smell.

In South Wales the form is gwynt
Mae gwynt drwg yma - there's a nasty smell here.

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