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14 July 2014
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Catchphrase, series oneCatchphrase

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Catchphrase

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lesson, gwers
23.0Describing peopleDownloads
23.1 Mae . . . gyda fi - I have
23.2 Oes?
23.3 Does dim
23.4 Roedd - was/ were
23.5 Gan (Gogledd Cymru) - Gan in North Wales
23.6 Defnyddio mwy nac un ansoddair - Using more than one adjective
23.7 Pa fath o? - What kind of?
23.8 Yn + Treiglad meddal - Yn + soft mutation
23.9 Sgwrs - Conversation
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Text
Series One | Lesson: 23 | Level: entry_level

23.8 - Yn + Treiglad meddal - Yn + soft mutation

Notice the difference between these pairs of sentences.

Mae gwallt cyrliog, 'da Tom. (gan Tom) - Tom has curly hair.
Mae gwallt Tom yn gyrliog. - Tom's hair is curly.

Roedd trwyn cam 'da Julius Caesar. (gan Julius Caesar) - Julius Caesar had a crooked nose.
Roedd trwyn Julius Caesar yn gam. - Julius Caesar's nose was crooked.

Mae llygaid glas 'da'r plant. (gan y plant) - The children have blue eyes.
Mae llygaid y plant yn las. - The children's eyes are blue.

You'll remember from Gwersi 2, 10, 16 and 20 in particular that we always place 'yn' in front of an adjective when it stands independently. The adjective which follows 'yn' undergoes a Soft Mutation.

Do you remember such sentences as the following?

Mae hi'n boeth yn y Sahara.
Roedd Marilyn Monroe yn bert.
'Dw i'n dal.

If we refer to more than one characteristic, we must repeat the 'yn'.

Mae gwallt Emyr yn fyr ac yn gyrliog.- Emyr's hair is short and curly.
Roedd llygaid Elin yn fawr ac yn las. - Elin's eyes were large and blue.

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