Some of the earliest surviving Welsh literature can be dated from the second half of the sixth century.
The Early Welsh Poets are known collectively as Y Cynfeirdd, a literal translation. These include the well-known figures of Taliesin and Aneirin, and poetry is largely celebration poetry which praises patrons, courtly kings and princes and their valiant efforts in battle.
Other early poetry that dates around the ninth century also praises those who have fought and died in battle. The saga poetry of Llywarch Hen and Heledd are good examples of this type of eulogy, which praise fallen members of their families and recount the misfortunes of those involved in ferocious battles.
Information on the sixth century poet Taliesin
Information on the sixth century poet Aneirin
Information on the poetry of Llywarch Hen and Heledd