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29 October 2014
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Portuguese today
The history of Portuguese
Names and writing system

More about Portuguese

The writing system
Portuguese is written with the Roman alphabet, with additional diacritics (or accents) to indicate features such as nasalized vowels (razo) and stress (e.g. esprito). As part of a modernization programme, the orthography was reformed in Portugal in 1916; small additional changes have been made since that time with the co-operation of the Portuguese Academy of Sciences and the Brazilian Academy of Letters.

Todos os seres humanos nascem livres e iguais em dignidade e em direitos. Dotados de razo e de consciência, devem agir uns para com os outros em esprito de fraternidade.
Portuguese names
Portuguese have two family names, the first comes from their mother, the second from their father.
Personal nameFirst family nameSecond family name
MotherNeusa TexeiraTomé


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