70 borrowed words 70個英語外來詞(之二)

更新時間 2013年 9月 10日, 星期二 - 格林尼治標準時間09:34
  • Glasses of wine and beer

    Alcohol is prohibited in some Arab countries, but did you know the word alcohol originally came from the Arabic 'al-kuhul'?

  • Bamboo

    The word bamboo is thought to be from Malay.

    It appears in English in the 16th Century.

  • A helicopter

    Helicopter was borrowed from the French word 'hélicoptère'.

    However this French word was constructed from the Greek words 'helikos' and 'pteron', meaning 'spiral wing'.

  • Two people singing at a Karaoke club

    Do you know what Karaoke means?

    It means 'empty orchestra' in Japanese and is written カラオケ.

  • The Hollywood sign in Los Angeles, California, USA

    Los Angeles is Spanish for 'The Angels'. Los Angeles, often referred to as LA, is the most populous city in the state of California.

    The Hollywood sign is a very famous landmark located in LA.

  • BBC English club magazine

    The word magazine was derived from the Arabic word 'makhazin' meaning 'storehouse'.

    In the picture, 'English Club' was a magazine for English learners published by BBC English.

  • A moped

    The word moped comes from Sweden. It is made up of mo(tor) + ped(al); early mopeds were like motorised bicycles with pedals.

    In Finland people born before 1985 can drive a moped without a licence.

  • A robot

    The word robot was first introduced by the Czech writer Karel Čapek in his play R.U.R. (Rossum's Universal Robots), published in 1920.

    The play begins in a factory that makes artificial people called robots.

  • A rucksack on a beach

    What is a bag that is carried on your back?

    It is a rucksack, which comes from German. It is a combination of 'rück' meaning back and 'sack' meaning sack.

  • Somebody pouring shampoo onto a girl's hair

    The word shampoo came from the Hindi word 'champo'.

    Sake Dean Mahomed introduced 'shampooing' to England.

  • Skier

    Slalom comes from the Norwegian word 'slalam' and literally means sloping track.

    It's now often used to describe a skiing race where people move around a series of poles, turning first one way and then the other.

  • A tattooed back

    Tattoo is believed to have evolved from the Polynesian word 'tatau'.

    It was first written down by the British explorer Captain Cook when he visited the islands of Polynesia in the 18th Century and saw people using pigment to mark permanent designs on their skin.

  • A young woman playing a violin

    The word violin came from the Italian word 'violino'.

    The violin is the smallest, highest-pitched member of the violin family of string instruments.

  • A yo-yo

    The word yoyo is thought to have originated from the Ilocano language in the Philippines.

    The word became a registered trademark in Canada in 1932 when the yo-yo toy became very popular.

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