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70 borrowed words 70個英語外來詞

更新時間 2013年 9月 9日, 星期一 - 格林尼治標準時間09:28
  • Santorini

    The word archipelago comes from the Italian 'arcipelago'.

    It might have first referred to the Aegean Sea, notable for its large numbers of islands.

  • Bananas

    The word banana came to English through Spanish or Portuguese, who themselves borrowed it from a West African language.

    The banana itself was introduced to South and Central America from Africa in the 1500s.

  • Venice bank

    Bank, to describe a financial institution, appeared in the late 15th Century, probably from the Italian 'banca'.

    It is related to the word 'bench': the first 'banks' were in fact the tables or benches on which moneylenders did business.

  • Cashew nuts

    Cashew nuts get their English name from the Portuguese tropical fruit 'caju', a word which has its origins in the native Brazilian language Tupi.

  • Coffee beans

    The word coffee comes from the Arabic word 'qahwa'.

    40% of the world's coffee is produced by Columbia and Brazil.

  • A cruise ship

    The word cruise comes from the Dutch verb 'kruisen', meaning 'to cross', and 'to sail to and from somewhere'.

  • Two jaguars

    The word jaguar comes from Portuguese, and is originally from the Brazilian native language Tupi.

    The jaguar is a big cat and the third-largest feline after the tiger and the lion.

  • Books

    Novel comes from the Italian word 'novella' and originally meant 'new story'.

    Orangutan comes from the Malay 'orang utan' which literally means 'person of the forest'.

  • An orangutan

    Orangutan comes from the Malay 'orang utan', which literally means 'person of the forest'.

    Orangutans are the only apes from Asia.

  • A person on skis

    The word ski came from Norwegian in the mid-1800s.

    It is related to the Old Norse word 'skíth' for snowshoe. It meant literally 'stick of wood'.

  • Santa Claus

    Santa Claus comes from a Dutch name for Saint Nicholas: 'Sante Klaas'.

    In the UK, some people call Santa Claus 'Father Christmas'.

  • A cup of tea

    British people are known for their love of tea.

    The word has a Chinese origin, from the Amoy dialect word for tea, which is pronounced 'dey'.

    Its use to describe an afternoon meal is from the 1700s.

  • A volcano

    Volcano comes from the Italian 'vulcano', and is connected to the name of the Roman god of fire, Vulcan.

  • Two zebra

    White with black stripes, or black with white stripes?

    Like the animal, the origin of the word zebra confuses experts.

    It might come from Italian via Portuguese or from Spanish.

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