70 borrowed words 70个英语外来词(之三)

更新时间 2013年 9月 11日, 星期三 - 格林尼治标准时间08:32
  • An alarm clock

    The word alarm came from Italian 'all'arme' which literally means 'to arms!'

  • A Japanese anime character

    Anime is the abbreviated pronunciation of 'animation' in Japanese.

    This kind of hand-drawn or computer animation usually features cute characters with big eyes.

  • An avocado

    The word avocado comes from the Spanish aguacate.

    The fruit is sometimes called an avocado pear or alligator pear because of its shape and texture.

  • Biscuits

    In French, 'bis' and 'cuit' means 'twice cooked'.

    This is because traditionally biscuits were cooked in two stages, first baked, and then dried out in a slow oven.

  • A canyon

    The word canyon comes from Spanish cañon, meaning 'a pipe, tube or gorge'.

    Its root is the Latin word 'canna', meaning 'reed'.

  • A female singer

    These days in English a diva is a celebrated female singer, especially in the world of opera.

    But the word originally comes from the Italian noun 'diva', meaning a goddess.

  • Jeans

    The word jeans is derived from the name of the city of Genoa, in Italy, which used to be referred to as 'Jean', or 'Gene' by Europeans.

  • Karate fighters

    The martial art karate is from Japan and is made up of the words 'kara' meaning empty and 'te' meaning hand (= empty hand).

  • Some souvenir clocks

    The French gave us the word souvenir, from a verb meaning 'to remember, come to mind'.

    It was first recorded as meaning 'something to help you remember a holiday or special event' in the late 1700s.

  • Spices

    The word spice comes from Old French 'espice' and it refers to various strongly flavoured or aromatic substances of vegetable origin used to improve food taste.

  • A telescope

    The earliest English examples of the word telescope date from the 1600s and are in the Latin form 'telescopium', and the Italian, 'telescopio'.

  • Tennis rackets

    The word tennis comes from the French word 'tenez' which can be translated as 'receive!'

    Players used to shout this out to each other just before they served, something that would not be tolerated in today's game!

  • A tourist

    Tourist comes from the French word 'tour', which originally meant 'turn'.

    In the sense of travelling around it was first recorded in the 1600s.

  • Vampires

    Vampire is a word of Slavonic origin.

    It first appeared in English in the 18th Century, though tales of supernatural beings, who consumed the blood or flesh of the living, existed earlier than that. Watch out for vampires.

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