North Korean town gets World Heritage status 朝鲜开城被列入世界遗产

更新时间 2013年 6月 28日, 星期五 - 格林尼治标准时间11:11

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ruins of Manwoldae in Kaesong

The ruins of Manwoldae in Kaesong, North Korea

朝鲜开城被联合国教科文组织列入世界文化保护遗产名录。开城建于公元十世纪,此次被列入名录的开城历史古迹共有十二处,包括一座宫殿,一所学校和一座古城墙等。以下是 BBC 记者 Charles Scanlon 发回的报道:

Kaesong is one of the few historical sites open to tourists that's not specifically linked to the Kim family that has ruled North Korea since independence. The city is held up in the North as a symbol of national reunification as it was the capital of the 10th Century Koryo dynasty that united the entire peninsula.

North Korean officials attending the UNESCO ceremony stood and clapped the decision to give the sites World Heritage status. The North has always used its interpretation of history to boost its case in the struggle for national sovereignty against South Korea.

The South maintains that an earlier southern-based dynasty was the first to unify the country. But even the legacy of Kaesong is a sensitive one for the North's historians. The dynasty marked a high water mark for Buddhism on the peninsula - a culture that was all but eradicated along with other religions after independence.

The city was initially in South Korea after the division of the peninsula in 1945 but was conquered by northern forces during the Korean War. It later came to be seen as a symbol of reconciliation - being near the site of a joint industrial zone established by the two sides after the year 2000. But the southern-owned factories currently lie idle - closed by the North Koreans during a recent bout of tension over its rocket and nuclear tests.

Quiz 听力测验

Which family or dynasty is Kaesong linked to?

The Koryo dynasty

True or false? South Korea believes the Koryo dynasty was the first to unify the country.

False. The South maintains that an earlier southern-based dynasty was the first to unify the country.

What event led to North Korea controlling the town of Kaesong?

The Korean War

What are the factories in the joint industrial zone making at the moment?

Nothing. They currently lie idle.

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