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You are in: Beds Herts and Bucks > History > Myths and Legends > Sally the Witch - what, why, how?

Priory Church, Dunstable

Priory Church of St Peter, Dunstable

Sally the Witch - what, why, how?

There are many places in this country that have a tale about a witch and Dunstable is no exception!

The story of Sally the Dunstable Witch and the Bottled Curse has been around since the late 19th century, when a poem was written about her, and many a resident of the market town can remember being told not to hang around after dark in the area surrounding the graveyard of the Priory Church of St Peter.

But why? Who was she and what is she supposed to have done?

According to the poem, Sally lived about 600 years ago in the early days of the Augustine Priory. To start with, she was just a typical elderly lady living alone with her cat. At first she was quite harmless and just told fortunes, or would have a little pill or a potion to help you, or give you advice about your love life. But unfortunately as she got older things began to change.

She got a black cat for company that apparently taught her the black arts which she used against anyone who crossed her, so that things like sickness and mysterious fires were all blamed on the witch. Eventually people got really worried and went to the Prior calling for Sally to be tried for witchcraft.

Priory Church, Dunstable

Priory Church, Dunstable


He was eventually forced to bow to public opinion and at the trial she was found guilty and sentenced to be burned alive.

Preparations were made in the Square and the whole event turned into a holiday. But Sally did not go quietly. At the stake she cursed loudly and threatened revenge on those who had condemned her. And she did exactly as she said, she came back and she was worse!

After her death she terrorised the town and the Priory, she’d swoop in and frighten the canons out of their wits, everybody was scared of her.

A palmer was finally called to exorcise Sally's ghost, but the witch would still not go quietly. The palmer told everybody to keep out of the way and he backed her into a corner and suddenly as she shrank away he got her into a bottle and put a cork on it.

They buried the bottle and put a cairn of stones over it so they’d all know where it was, because the palmer said that if the bottle was disturbed and she was let out, she would be even worse.

So, somewhere in the Priory gardens it is said that a bottle is buried, which houses the spirit of this witch, and for years children have been told that they mustn’t hang around in that part of Dunstable at night and if children were naughty, they were told that Sally the witch was watching them.

But the bottle – wherever it is -  mustn’t be disturbed, or the spirit of Sally will haunt Dunstable again.


This is a fantastic story, but it is fantastic in more ways than one, because it is, in fact, all made up! Or so we think! But nevertheless, fictional as she is, the story surrounding her creation is just as interesting.

The poem about her was written in 1875 but the ballad appears to have been forgotten until 1932 then lost and found again in 2002. On this occasion it was discovered quite by accident, by Rita Swift, a member of the local history society, who was in the library looking through old editions of the Dunstable Borough Gazette.

“I was researching some other work down in the Library and got to the end of what I was doing and I just pressed the button on the machine and then stopped it” she explained.

Priory Church, Dunstable

Priory Church, Dunstable

“It stopped where it mentioned a few things about the Dunstable Witch and a poem. I took a photocopy and took it home and read it and rather liked it. So I started asking around to see if anybody had got this poem. I contacted everybody I could think of but there were no copies around, so I thought that was the end of it.

“Then I just happened to mention it to somebody one day and they said I’ve got a copy of it. So I read it and thought why was it written?”


Yes – why did somebody make up the story of Sally? Well, charmed by the poem, Rita dug around further and eventually discovered its origin, finding out exactly why it was written.

It all stemmed from the fact that the rector of Dunstable at the time, Reverend Frederick Hose, didn’t seem to want to do anything about the Priory Churchyard which had fallen into disrepair, and the poem, through the story of Sally,  gives a reason for why this might have been allowed to happen.

Rita explains more:

“The Churchyard was in a terrible state and the Reverend Hose only wanted to spend money on the church, not on the churchyard, and everyone was getting fed up with it" she said.

"So the local headmaster, A.P.Wire, said he would do something about it, but everyone said not to because the Rector was very vindictive.

“Wire thought that the only thing to do was to shame the rector into doing something with the churchyard, so he made up this witch called Sally, all 81 verses of her. He showed it to a few friends and one of those was a printer called W J Smith who said he would like to publish it. Wire agreed but said to put it in his name on it so that there wasn’t any comeback on the printer. It was published free of charge and sold for sixpence.

“It soon became very popular and all the local lads got hold of it and started quoting verses to the rector who was furious. The bottom line was that Mr Wire had to resign from being headmaster and had to leave town, and the printer went bankrupt. Now was that coincidence?”


So, Sally was created in order to shame the rector of Dunstable into repairing the Priory Churchyard and the poem offered a humorous reason for why it had perhaps become so dilapidated. And it worked!

The poem drew attention to the Priory Church Restoration fund and a two-day bazaar was held which raised more than the £1,000 that was needed and a few years later the churchyard was finally restored.

But even though, this witch supposedly never existed, she seems to be having a far reaching effect on at least one resident!

“She haunted me” Rita continued, “because every time I thought I’d come to an end, she would turn up again in the most unexpected place!

“In the U3A we had a lady from the Luton Museum come to give a talk and we got talking. She said that they had a copy [of the poem] in the Luton Museum. I went there and there was the original copy plus a notebook which had been brought in an auction in Leytonstone. This cleared up a problem. The poem was written in 1875 but the preface is dated 1899 and the notebook gave a clue. What Wire was obviously doing was putting his papers in order and writing the preface to go at the beginning of this notebook.

“Every time I thought I had finished [looking into her] something else would crop up” she added.

“At first, I couldn’t find anything about Alfred Wire and gave up but then I was playing around and tried again on the Internet and there he was on there!

“I’m sure Sally was waiting for me to find her! All the other people who have talked about her have been men and have just dismissed her.

“In Exodus it says "though shall not let a witch live" but if they’re fictitious you can’t do anything about it!”

After Rita found the poem, a photocopy was given to all the members of the Council. They were unanimous in that it had to be republished. And it was, just in time for the opening of the Priory House Heritage Centre.

So the story of Sally the Witch lives on in Dunstable, even if she never did! And if the churchyard ever looks over grown again – remember the words of AP Wire, which may just give you a clue to the reason!

"Thus the churchyard goes to ruin
Graves and fences getting worse:
Everyone devoutly wishing
Not to free the bottled curse."

last updated: 21/08/2008 at 16:10
created: 20/08/2008

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