Joseph Caiaphas was the High Priest of the Temple at the time of the Crucifixion.
He is traditionally portrayed as one of the villains of the Passion story; a man determined to see Jesus executed.
Caiaphas was an established figure in the Judean hierarchy, holding the post of High Priest for around 18 years - longer than most others.
The case against Caiaphas is that he arrests Jesus, tries him in a kangaroo court and convicts him on a religious charge that carries the death penalty.
Find out more from BBC Religion & Ethics - The case against Caiaphas
Very few facts are known about Caiaphas:
The High Priest carried out several roles.
He led the ceremonies on the Day of Atonement:
He supervised festivals, especially Passover, ensuring that all the religious rules were scrupulously obeyed.
He was Chief Executive of the Temple organisation.
He also acted as a priest.
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