Malcolm Glazer dies: Man Utd's owner dies aged 85

Malcolm Glazer, the billionaire who led a controversial takeover of Manchester United, has died aged 85.

The Glazer family purchased United for £790m in May 2005 amid protests from the Premier League club's fans.

Analysis

"Malcolm Glazer never set foot in Old Trafford but was a figurehead of that controversial takeover of Manchester United.

"In terms of practicalities and the day-to-day running of the club, very little will change and the business will continue to be run on the same basis it has been for a number of years.

"The club's debt payments have been reduced, but I think it is fair to say fan anger over those debts remains and will not go away."

However, they went on to win five Premier League titles and the Champions League under his ownership.

The New York-born American's sons, Joel and Avram, took over the day-to-day running of the club after their father suffered a stroke in April 2006.

"The thoughts of everyone at Manchester United are with his family," said a spokesman for the Premier League club.

The club's Dutch striker Robin van Persie, 30, tweeted: "My condolences go out to the Glazer family and friends."

The Glazer family retain a 90% share in United - split equally among Glazer's six children - with 10% listed on the New York Stock Exchange.

Glazer, who never actually set foot inside Old Trafford, gradually bought out United shareholders between 2003 and 2005.

Malcolm Glazer speaks to BBC Sport's Jonathan Legard in 2006.

His takeover was largely funded by loans secured against the club's assets, a move that took them heavily into debt and sat uneasily with many fans at Old Trafford.

Manchester United Supporters' Trust vice-chair Sean Bones said: "It would be inappropriate for me to make any comment about the death of Malcolm Glazer as I didn't know him or his family personally.

"However, as a supporter, I am aware of the detrimental effect the Glazers have had on the football club and the huge debt that has been placed on Manchester United."

Supporters' group Shareholders United were one of the most vociferous anti-Glazer voices during the takeover, and in the aftermath.

In 2010, a group of lifelong United fans made up of City bankers and lawyers set up the Red Knights consortium in an attempt to buy the club with the support of fans, but their plans failed.

From family store to billionaire

  • 1928: Born to a Lithuanian family which emigrated to the United States and grew up in Rochester, New York State
  • 1943: First cuts his teeth in business via the family's store, selling watch parts following the death of his father
  • 1989: Having transformed his small inheritance into a growing business empire, attempt to buy motorcycle firm Harley-Davidson ends in failure
  • 1995: Pays $192m for Tampa Bay Buccaneers NFL team
  • 2003: Buccaneers win the Super Bowl and Glazer buys first shares in Manchester United
  • 2005: Glazer family complete controversial £790m takeover at Old Trafford - yet a large part of that sum is borrowed, prompting protests from fans

The club had no debts before the Glazer family takeover but now owe around £400m. Yet, despite a turbulent 2013-14 season which resulted in the sacking of manager David Moyes, United still generate record revenue, with turnover set to exceed £418m in the 2013-14 financial year.

Football finance expert Professor Tom Cannon from the University of Liverpool told BBC Radio 5 live: "He had a massive impact on the club. He loaded them with a lot of debt while at the same time building up their commercial side until it became a global phenomenon, so two very striking differences.

"Floating 10% of the club on the New York Stock Exchange made the club more exposed to the vagaries of the stock market and some would argue one of the factors that led to the dismissal of David Moyes was the fact that the stock market was declining, the price was declining."

Glazer was also the owner of the Tampa Bay Buccaneers, where he will be remembered much more fondly for turning one of American football's least successful franchises into Super Bowl winners following his takeover in 1995.

Former Buccaneers coach Jon Gruden, who led the team to that Super Bowl triumph, said: "He was a friend and a trailblazer. I'll miss him and I thank him for believing in me. My condolences to the Glazer family and to the Bucs organization."

Analysis

The Glazers are a very close knit but large family. There's no doubt Malcolm Glazer was the patriarch who led the initiative and in a sense held them together.

One of the concerns now might be whether you get the situation you've seen in the past, even in English football, where you get divided opinions within members of the family - some wanting to sell, to cash in, some wanting to hold on. That's going to be the big question in the short to medium term and of course the next few weeks are crucial for Manchester United and it may be there's a hiatus while they sort out that kind of issue.

Football finance expert Professor Tom Cannon

Hall of Fame defensive tackle Warren Sapp, who played a major part in the Super Bowl XXXVII success, tweeted: "One time for my owner & great man #RipBoss."

Buccaneers defensive tackle Gerald McCoy also took to Twitter to pay tribute: "Rest in peace to the driving force that helped transform the organization that changed my life forever. Forever grateful!!"

NFL commissioner Roger Goodell added: "Malcolm Glazer was the guiding force behind the building of a Super Bowl-champion organisation.

"His dedication to the community was evident in all he did, including his leadership in bringing Super Bowls to Tampa Bay. Malcolm's commitment to the Bucs, the NFL and the people of the Tampa Bay region are the hallmarks of his legacy."

Glazer's business career started when he took over the family watch-parts business aged 15, following the death of his father.

He invested in other businesses and acquired a diverse portfolio of international holdings and public companies, including First Allied, Zapata Corporation, Houlihan's Restaurant Chain, Harley Davidson, Formica, Tonka, Specialty Equipment and Omega Protein.

Glazer is survived by his wife Linda, his six children and 14 grandchildren.

How the British press reacted to Glazer's takeover of Manchester United in 2005

How the British press reacted to Glazer's takeover of Manchester United in 2005

Former Manchester United player David Beckham donned a green and yellow scarf in support of the anti-Glazer protest when he returned to the club with AC Milan for a Champions League tie in 2010

Former Manchester United player David Beckham donned a green and yellow scarf in support of the anti-Glazer protest when he returned to the club with AC Milan for a Champions League tie in 2010

A US flag outside Old Trafford