How can the England national team be made great again?

 

English football is at a low. The national team have not made the semi-finals of a major tournament since 1996, while fewer Premier League clubs are putting their faith in domestic talent.

Football Association chairman Greg Dyke outlined his plans on Wednesday to produce an England team capable of winning the 2022 World Cup.

But what needs to be done to make that goal a realistic possibility?

Former England internationals Chris Waddle and Danny Mills, Wigan chairman Dave Whelan and former Liverpool chief executive Rick Parry give BBC Sport their views.

'Pick players for skill, not size'

Greg Dyke speech key points

Greg Dyke
  • The FA chairman wants England to win the 2022 World Cup
  • Also expects the team to reach the Euro 2020 semi-finals
  • Wants to work 'hand-in-hand' with the Premier League to address national team concerns
  • Expresses concerns over the dwindling number of England-qualified players in the Premier League
  • Highlights integration of youth players into the first team as an area for improvement
  • Aims to set-up an FA commission tasked with proposing solutions as to how England can turn around their prospects in the long term

The Football Association has recognised the need to improve coaching at grassroots level and in 2010 released 'The Future Game'  - a technical guide for coaches outlining the requirements that young players will need to play the game at the highest level.

But Chris Waddle, who made more than 60 appearances for England between 1985 and 1991, says that the development of English talent is still focused too heavily on the biggest and strongest, rather than the most technically talented.

"I think the reason why we are not producing good enough footballers any more is the structure at grassroots level," said Waddle.

"I do some scouting for Sheffield Wednesday at youth level and for me, whether a player is 4ft 2ins or 6ft 4ins, if they have the talent I would give them the chance.

"However, there are too many occasions where the player who is that bit taller than the rest gets scouts knocking on the door and it always has been in English football.

"There is also too much pressure on results. Parents go absolutely mad about results. I would rather see us produce 10 footballers and finish bottom of the league than these teams win at youth level. Both of these issues need to change."

Did you know? Shaun Wright-Phillips was rejected by Nottingham Forest for being too small. He later went on to play for Manchester City, Chelsea and is now at Queens Park Rangers

'Let the Premier League control the England team'

Dyke has spoken of a desire for the FA and the Premier League to work 'hand in hand' to help improve the quality of English football.

But Wigan chairman Dave Whelan believes handing control of the England national team to the Premier League would be a step in the right direction to an improvement in the county's fortunes.

Whelan said: "Every team wants to win the Premier League and every team wants to play in Europe, but we still have a national team. We started football in the first place and England is and should be our pride.

"I think one possible solution is to let the Premier League take over the running of the English team.

"The FA is run by a lot of people from all around the country and they are all amateur people. When you look at who serves on the FA it is surprising where they come from and what little they know about football.

"Let's get the Premier League to run the England team. If they did, I am sure it would improve the whole England camp, the quality of players and their attitude."

Did you know? There has been talk of a voluntary agreement between the FA and the Premier League to put England first, which would mimic a similar agreement in place in German football between the Deutsche Fussball Bund and the Bundesliga.

'English football needs a revolution, not evolution'

Former England and Manchester City defender Danny Mills believes it will take major changes at all levels of English football to spark an improvement in the quality of home-grown players, describing the current structure as 'broken'.

"For me, this is now the time for revolution. Forget about evolution. The English game from junior level right through to the senior team is broken," he said.

"It's in a bad state of affairs. Just look at the transfer window. How many top English players were sold in the transfer window or wanted by other clubs? Virtually none. That has to speak volumes that, at the moment, our senior English team are simply not good enough for their players to be wanted by everyone else.

"Greg Dyke has the opportunity from grassroots level all the way up to say: 'Forget about voting this in. Forget about making this little change or that little change. These are the new rules. This is what we've been looking at.'

"They've done so much research over the past five or 10 years that they know what's right. They have to take it by the scruff of the neck and say: 'Change is happening. Like it or lump it.'"

Did you know? The Football Association has pledged to invest £150m over the next three years to improve facilities.

David Sheepshanks, chairman of St George's Park, outside the entrance

St George's Park, England's centre of excellence, was opened in October 2012 with the aim of raising standards of play at all levels. David Sheepshanks, pictured, is the centre's chairman

'Let England take back power from clubs'

Former England and Aston Villa manager Graham Taylor says football clubs have more power than the Football Association with regards to determining a player's availability to represent the national team.

Manager Roy Hodgson has often found his initial squad selection for England games hit by withdrawals.

"If you are a club manager, the club come first, because they are who you are working for," said Taylor.

"I feel sorry for some of the players because there is a lot of pressure put on them at times from certain club managers. If they do withdraw [from the England team], they can get a good rest and be better for their club.

"The clubs have taken over to a great degree with regards to what they want to happen. It's not in the interest of the national side."

Did you know? Manchester United duo Wayne Rooney and Phil Jones and Liverpool defender Glen Johnson have withdrawn from the England squad for the upcoming World Cup qualifiers against Moldova and Ukraine.

'Give lower league clubs an incentive to develop youth'

Principles of the Elite Player Performance Plan

Nicholas Ioannou of Manchester United Academy Under-18s clashes with Alex Kiwomya of Chelsea Academy Under-18s
  • Increase the number and quality of home-grown players gaining professional contracts at clubs and playing first-team football at the highest level
  • Create more time for players to play and be coached
  • Improve coaching provision
  • Implement a system of effective measurement and quality assurance
  • Positively influence strategic investment in the Academy system, demonstrating value for money
  • Seek to implement significant gains in every aspect of player development

The Elite Player Performance Plan (EPPP) was introduced for the 2012/13 season with the aim of improving youth development by guaranteeing more funding for grassroots football over a four-year period. However, it also meant clubs could receive lower fees for players under the age of 17.

Wycombe and Yeovil have closed their academies, with the latter citing the EPPP as the reason behind their decision, and Waddle wants lower-league clubs to be given a bigger incentive to develop new talent.

Waddle said: "A Premier League club can just throw the net out and bring in all the best kids. They can just take one out of that group and let the other 20 or so go - and they all go missing. It should not be like that.

"If there is a talented young player at a Championship club, they should be left there until a certain age. If they do get the big boys coming, rather than waste money on the foreign players, make them spend a fee that will help generate grassroots football.

"I don't know why half of the lower-league clubs bother with youth set-ups - because if there's anybody decent, the big club just nick them for peanuts.

"Eventually they are going to start wondering if it is worth having them and as a result youth development will get worse."

Did you know? In 2008, Tottenham bought 16-year-old John Bostock for £700,000. Under the current EPPP system, they would have been able to sign him for less than £150,000.

'Give English youth a chance at the top'

Clubs are denying promising English talent the opportunity to flourish by not providing them with enough first-team opportunities, suggests former Liverpool chief executive Rick Parry.

"I know the debate is raging at the moment regarding the number of foreign players in the Premier League. It is at an all-time high," said Parry.

"I remember the likes of Jamie Carragher saying not very many years ago that if he was trying to break into the team now, he was not sure he would get the chance. He felt he needed 10-15 games to prove himself.

"Gareth Bale at Southampton is another example. He was one game away from being released by Southampton. But look at him now."

Did you know? English under-21s made up 2.28% of the total minutes played in 2012-13. Manchester City, Chelsea, Swansea, Stoke and Wigan failed to field an English player under 21 all season.