By Phil McNultyBBC Sport chief football writer in Podgorica
England's path to World Cup qualification remains far from guaranteed as Montenegro battled back to earn a deserved draw in Podgorica.
Wayne Rooney's early header - his fifth in six games he has played for England since Euro 2012 - was reward for an enterprising and positive opening half.
England, however, paid a heavy price for failing to capitalise fully on that superiority and for a dreadful second half display lacking any semblance of composure or cohesion.
England's remaining qualifiers
H v Moldova
A v Ukraine
H v Montenegro
H v Poland
Montenegro's confidence and pressure increased as a disjointed England survived a series of narrow escapes before substitute Dejan Damjanovic scrambled home the equaliser with 13 minutes to go and give them the draw that keeps them two points clear of England at the top of Group H.
It was a result and performance that sums up England's performances in the qualifiers as they bid to reach Brazil next summer and will be of concern to manager Roy Hodgson.
England have had no trouble disposing of the minnows San Marino and Moldova but meetings with Ukraine, Poland and Montenegro have not yielded a victory and the manner in which they lost their way after the interval will have worried Hodgson and his backroom team.
Hodgson made six changes to the team that won so comfortably in San Marino, with Steven Gerrard and Ashley Cole among those returning to lend their experience in this difficult environment.
England still in control - Hodgson
There were ugly scenes before kick-off when fighting broke out in the top tier of a stand behind the goal, with Montenegro fans appearing to battle among themselves. England's supporters were stationed at the other end watching from a distance as a heavy presence of riot police moved in to restore order.
But he is becoming something of a lucky charm for Hodgson and controlled all the early events as a fast England start was rewarded with an early lead.
The Manchester United striker's delicate chip beat Montenegro keeper Mladen Bozovic and rebounded off the post and the keeper was in action again to touch Glen Johnson's rising long-range shot over the top as England continued to press.
There was no escape for Montenegro from Gerrard's resulting corner as Rooney found time and space to direct his header away from Bozovic.
Montenegro's early frustrations were illustrated by coach Branko Brnovic, whose attack on England had done much to shape the pre-match agenda. He reacted in fury when Swedish referee Jonas Eriksson failed to award a foul, hurling a plastic bottle to the floor with such force that it ended up on the pitch and earned him a lengthy rebuke from the fourth official.
England were creating all the attacking opportunities, with James Milner firing across the face of goal and Rooney just failing to pick out Danny Welbeck with a teasing cross.
As England pushed for the second goal, Rooney was just unable to turn in Milner's cross at the far post and Welbeck was angry when he was booked for diving after falling under a challenge from Stefan Savic in the area.
No doubt stirred by the words of their outspoken coach, Montenegro emerged with renewed vigour and threatened to take toll of a slipshod spell by England after the restart.
Rooney back on song for England
Wayne Rooney is the first England player to score in four successive qualifying matches since David Beckham in April 2003
Stevan Jovetic's header into the side netting had many in the crowd believing Montenegro had equalised while Mirko Vucinic could not find the target when picked up Joleon Lescott's weak clearance.
And Joe Hart will have had manager Hodgson's heart in his mouth when he fumbled Vucinic's routine shot between his legs but was able to recover.
Hart did better to save from Jovetic but Montenegro's equaliser had been coming and it duly arrived after 77 minutes. Damjanovic had a series of attempts at forcing the ball in before finally beating England's keeper.
This atmospheric little stadium was a cauldron of noise and smoke swirled around as Montenegro's elated supporters set up flares in celebration.
Gerrard almost rescued England with an injury-time free-kick that Bozovic dealt with in hugely unconvincing fashion but the final whistle brought huge celebrations as Montenegro's players and fans showed their delight at securing this important point.
Full Time The game is over, as the referee blows his whistle.
Steven Gerrard has an effort direct from the free kick, save by Mladen Bozovic. Inswinging corner taken by Ashley Young from the left by-line.
90:00 +1:37 Booking
Booking Andrija Delibasic receives a yellow card.
90:00 +1:02 Booking
Booking Miodrag Djudovic goes into the book for persistent infringement.
Free kick awarded for a foul by Dejan Damjanovic on James Milner. Direct free kick taken by Glen Johnson.
Steven Gerrard takes a shot. Comfortable save by Mladen Bozovic. James Milner challenges Vladimir Volkov unfairly and gives away a free kick. Vladimir Volkov takes the direct free kick.
Shot by Steven Gerrard. Blocked by Marko Basa. Ashley Cole fouled by Stefan Savic, the ref awards a free kick. Ashley Cole restarts play with the free kick.
Foul by Mirko Vucinic on Chris Smalling, free kick awarded. Direct free kick taken by Joe Hart.
Inswinging corner taken by Elsad Zverotic from the left by-line played to the near post, clearance made by Danny Welbeck. Inswinging corner taken by Elsad Zverotic from the left by-line, save by Joe Hart.
Michael Carrick challenges Stevan Jovetic unfairly and gives away a free kick. Mirko Vucinic produces a strike on goal direct from the free kick.
Steven Gerrard has a shot on goal from outside the box which misses right.
Mirko Vucinic takes a shot. Blocked by Ashley Cole.
Free kick awarded for an unfair challenge on James Milner by Vladimir Volkov. Steven Gerrard crosses the ball in from the free kick, Stefan Savic makes a clearance.
The ball is crossed by Ashley Young, Miodrag Djudovic manages to make a clearance.
Free kick awarded for an unfair challenge on Ashley Young by Stefan Savic. Ashley Young takes the free kick.
Substitution Tom Cleverley leaves the field to be replaced by Ashley Young.
76:06 Goal scored
Goal! - Dejan Damjanovic - Montenegro 1 - 1 England Dejan Damjanovic gets on the score sheet with a goal from close in to the bottom left corner of the goal. Montenegro 1-1 England.
Dejan Damjanovic takes a shot. Save by Joe Hart. Dejan Damjanovic takes a shot. Chris Smalling gets a block in.
Unfair challenge on Danny Welbeck by Miodrag Djudovic results in a free kick.
Substitution Andrija Delibasic comes on in place of Vladimir Bozovic.
Free kick awarded for an unfair challenge on Stevan Jovetic by Joleon Lescott. Free kick taken by Elsad Zverotic. Stevan Jovetic takes a shot. Joe Hart makes a save. Corner taken by Elsad Zverotic from the left by-line. Stefan Savic takes a shot. Blocked by Steven Gerrard. Corner taken right-footed by Elsad Zverotic.
Mirko Vucinic produces a right-footed shot from just outside the box that misses to the right of the goal.
James Milner delivers the ball, Miodrag Djudovic manages to make a clearance.
Mirko Vucinic takes a shot. Save made by Joe Hart.
Ashley Cole challenges Stefan Savic unfairly and gives away a free kick. Stefan Savic takes the direct free kick.
Corner taken right-footed by Elsad Zverotic from the left by-line, save by Joe Hart.
Marko Basa challenges Danny Welbeck unfairly and gives away a free kick. Wayne Rooney produces a shot on goal direct from the free kick, Mladen Bozovic makes a comfortable save.
Stevan Jovetic takes a shot. Save made by Joe Hart.
Outswinging corner taken by Steven Gerrard.
Direct free kick taken by Steven Gerrard.
Booking The referee books Vladimir Volkov for unsporting behaviour.
Vladimir Volkov concedes a free kick for a foul on James Milner.
Substitution Simon Vukcevic goes off and Milos Krkotic comes on.
A cross is delivered by Wayne Rooney, Miodrag Djudovic makes a clearance.
Shot by Mirko Vucinic from 30 yards. Save made by Joe Hart.
Short corner taken by Vladimir Volkov from the left by-line, Mirko Vucinic produces a right-footed shot from inside the area that goes over the bar.
The assistant referee flags for offside against Mirko Vucinic. Joe Hart restarts play with the free kick.
Dejan Damjanovic takes a shot. Chris Smalling gets a block in. Shot by Stevan Jovetic from deep inside the penalty area misses to the right of the target.
Foul by Simon Vukcevic on James Milner, free kick awarded. Steven Gerrard delivers the ball from the free kick right-footed from left wing, Mladen Bozovic makes a comfortable save.
Corner taken left-footed by Simon Vukcevic, clearance by Steven Gerrard. Inswinging corner taken by Elsad Zverotic, Joe Hart makes a save.
Simon Vukcevic produces a cross, clearance made by Chris Smalling.
Simon Vukcevic fouled by Steven Gerrard, the ref awards a free kick. Free kick taken by Vladimir Volkov.
Foul by Vladimir Volkov on Tom Cleverley, free kick awarded. Free kick taken by Michael Carrick.
Effort from 25 yards by Wayne Rooney. Blocked by Miodrag Djudovic. Corner taken by Steven Gerrard, save by Mladen Bozovic.
The ball is swung over by Stefan Savic, Stevan Jovetic has a headed effort at goal from close in which goes wide left of the goal.
Unfair challenge on Stevan Jovetic by Glen Johnson results in a free kick. Stevan Jovetic takes the free kick.
Centre by Vladimir Bozovic, comfortable save by Joe Hart.
Vladimir Volkov crosses the ball, Michael Carrick manages to make a clearance.
The referee gets the second half underway.
45:00 +1:22 Half time
Half Time The first half comes to an end.
Unfair challenge on Joleon Lescott by Mirko Vucinic results in a free kick. Direct free kick taken by Joe Hart.
Substitution (Montenegro) makes a substitution, with Dejan Damjanovic coming on for Mitar Novakovic.
Tom Cleverley fouled by Stefan Savic, the ref awards a free kick. Steven Gerrard produces a strike on goal direct from the free kick. Corner taken by Steven Gerrard from the left by-line, Simon Vukcevic manages to make a clearance.
Unfair challenge on Glen Johnson by Vladimir Bozovic results in a free kick. Glen Johnson takes the free kick.
Stevan Jovetic takes a shot. Blocked by Joleon Lescott.
Mladen Bozovic takes the direct free kick.
Booking Danny Welbeck booked.
The offside flag is raised against Stevan Jovetic. Indirect free kick taken by Joe Hart.
Corner taken left-footed by Simon Vukcevic, save made by Joe Hart.
Elsad Zverotic takes a shot from 30 yards. Joleon Lescott gets a block in.
The referee blows for offside against Vladimir Volkov. Indirect free kick taken by Joe Hart.
Mirko Vucinic challenges Glen Johnson unfairly and gives away a free kick. Direct free kick taken by Glen Johnson.
Free kick taken by Vladimir Volkov.
Booking Glen Johnson is shown a yellow card.
Steven Gerrard has an effort at goal from 12 yards. Stefan Savic gets a block in. Foul by Glen Johnson on Stevan Jovetic, free kick awarded.
Free kick awarded for an unfair challenge on Steven Gerrard by Stevan Jovetic. Michael Carrick takes the direct free kick.
Booking Mitar Novakovic receives a caution.
The ball is sent over by James Milner, Wayne Rooney produces a left-footed shot from deep inside the six-yard box which goes wide of the left-hand upright.
The assistant referee flags for offside against Stevan Jovetic. Free kick taken by Joe Hart.
The ball is crossed by Wayne Rooney.
Simon Vukcevic sends in a cross, clearance made by Joleon Lescott. Corner taken left-footed by Simon Vukcevic.
Vladimir Volkov delivers the ball, clearance by Joleon Lescott.
James Milner produces a right-footed shot from the edge of the box and misses to the left of the target.
Long distance shot from Stevan Jovetic misses to the left of the target.
Free kick awarded for a foul by Stevan Jovetic on Ashley Cole. Free kick taken by Joe Hart.
The assist for the goal came from Steven Gerrard.
5:48 Goal scored
Goal! - Wayne Rooney - Montenegro 0 - 1 England Wayne Rooney scores a headed goal from close in. Montenegro 0-1 England.
Corner taken right-footed by Steven Gerrard, Marko Basa makes a clearance. Shot by Glen Johnson. Stefan Savic gets a block in. Steven Gerrard takes the inswinging corner,
The ball is crossed by Glen Johnson, Danny Welbeck takes a shot. Blocked by Stefan Savic.
Wayne Rooney takes a shot from outside the penalty area and hits the post.
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