Nikola Zigic salvaged a stoppage-time point for Birmingham thanks to Tomasz Kuszczak's howler as Brighton's play-off aspirations suffered a blow.
It was the third time this season the Serb has rescued a point, as Kuszczak let the ball through his hands.
Steven Caldwell headed the hosts in front but the Seagulls levelled courtesy of Ashley Barnes' strike.
David Lopez volleyed what looked to be the winner before half-time only for Zigic to equalise late on.
Even then, Brighton could have nicked it, but Blues' sought-after goalkeeper Jack Butland produced a wonder save to keep out Dean Hammond.
Brighton will feel like it is two points dropped having looked set for their first win over Birmingham in eight attempts since 1989 and only their second ever success at St Andrew's.
Wayne Bridge made his 400th club career start
And the visitors' late set-back has seen them drop five points behind the top six, despite moving up one place in the Championship table to eighth.
Cash-strapped Blues have just one win in their last 10 games and they remain in 20th spot - five points clear of the relegation zone.
Following a tentative start an unmarked Caldwell met Rob Hall's corner after 18 minutes to power a header past Kuszczak.
Yet the visitors levelled in the 24th minute. Andrea Orlandi broke down the left and cut a ball back for Barnes who fired into the bottom corner from 20 yards.
Chris Burke, who netted the winner a 1-0 triumph for Birmingham in the reverse fixture earlier this season, was thwarted by a fine parried save from Kuszczak just before half-time.
And the stop proved crucial as Brighton claimed the lead in the 43rd minute with Wayne Bridge sending over a great cross to Lopez, who volleyed under Butland.
Zigic came on at half-time and the giant striker looped a header over before he sealed an unlikely point.
Birmingham City 01 Butland 04 Caldwell Booked 06 Davies 28 Caddis 30 Robinson 07 Burke 14 Gomis 15 Elliott (Zigic - 46' ) 22 Redmond (King - 70' ) 33 Reilly (Morrison - 82' ) 29 Hall Substitutes 13 Doyle 27 Hancox 08 Mullins 12 Morrison 09 King 11 Lovenkrands 19 Zigic Brighton & Hove Albion 29 Kuszczak 03 Greer Booked 06 El-Abd Booked 14 Calderon Booked 28 Bridge 04 Hammond 11 Orlandi (Dicker - 76' ) 21 David Lopez (Buckley - 70' ) 26 Bridcutt Booked 09 Barnes 12 Mackail-Smith (Vicente - 82' ) Substitutes 16 Ankergren 05 Dunk 15 Vicente 18 Dicker 25 LuaLua 30 Buckley 07 Hoskins