“We believe it is for the FA to take the lead and set the example for everyone, from football authorities at all levels to the grassroots groups, to follow”
John Whittingdale MPChairman of the committee
Outside British football, Euro 2012 was affected by instances of racist chanting at training sessions and matches. The Croatian Football Federation was fined 80,000 euros (£65,000)
after fans directed racist abuse
at Italy striker Mario Balotelli.
The Culture, Media and Sport committee report said that behaviour and the atmosphere at football matches had "changed hugely" since the 1970s and 80s "when racial and other forms of abuse were common".
It added that several initiatives and charities such as Show Racism the Red Card have helped to reduce racism where it is most prevalent - on the streets, in the grounds and online - but more still needed to be done.
"We believe it is for the FA to take the lead and set the example for everyone, from football authorities at all levels to the grassroots groups, to follow," said Whittingdale.
In a joint statement, the FA, the Premier League and the Football League said "substantial progress had been made", but acknowledged that "challenges remained" and said they would consider the committee's recommendations.
Steve Rotheram MP, a member of the Culture, Media and Sport committee, said a lack of ethnic diversity in management and boardroom positions at many English clubs was holding back the fight against racism.
The panel's recommendations:
Extra training for stewards
Make it clear how to report incidents of abuse
Appointments made on merit but with transparent recruitment processes
Use social media to speak out against incidents of abuse and discrimination
Review education programmes to make sure they are effective
Ensure successful prosecutions take place at grassroots level
He said: "Some boards are all-male and all-white with no diversity there, and managers in the top tier of the Premier League and the Championship are almost all white, so there are some glass ceilings that need to be broken down."
PFA chairman Clarke Carlisle added: "Now that this voice has come from outside of football and is one that hopefully the industry will listen to, it is very encouraging because it means things will have to progress from here."
When asked whether football needed to do more to tackle racism, Manchester United boss Sir Alex Ferguson said: "English football was very good at challenging those issues.
"Apart from last year, I don't think it's been an issue. I've not seen anything for 20 years. Suddenly, one bad year doesn't cast the game in doubt as far as I'm concerned."
The report also found evidence that homophobia may now be a bigger problem in football than other forms of discrimination.
As a result, it called for a high-profile campaign to highlight the damaging effect of homophobic language and behaviour at every level.
The report also called on football's governing bodies Fifa and Uefa to take stronger leadership on tackling racism.
Racism is still a "significant problem" in football
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