Pendleton, who won gold in the track sprint at Beijing 2008 and
in the keirin at London 2012
plus nine World Championship titles in her career, recently retired from the sport but hopes women can achieve more coverage.
Her comments come after an incredibly successful London 2012 for female British cyclists where Laura Trott won omnium gold as well as in the team sprint with Dani King and Joanna Rowsell.
The 48-year-old did not reveal whether the "answer" would entail the introduction of an elite female into the management and coaching structure at British Cycling, an act that ex-track rider Pendleton thought would be of tremendous benefit as "women generally need a different approach".
GB's Armitstead wins road race silver
She said: "If I could change one single thing in British cycling then it would be to put an elite female in a high-up role within the structure.
"Someone who had power, authority and experience all at the same time. That, in one single move, would be the most helpful.
"I do feel their [women's] needs and requirements are sometimes overlooked. [To get the best out of] Myself, in particular, is very different to how you get the best out of [six-time Olympic gold medallist] Sir Chris Hoy.
"It does take a female brain to work that out. A woman is more likely to have a different emotional intelligence to recognise if someone is struggling.
"I felt that I had to become more male in my approach and my persona in order to survive, rather than the sport catering to me. A lot of girls in the sport feel like this, I feel.
"I would consider coaching but it's not my time now to do it. I feel I haven't had enough experience of coaching to step in and really make a difference at a high level."
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