"There's a lot of things going on and it's making it very difficult for me to concentrate but I'm just glad to have come here," said Chambers.
"If the opportunity arises [to run in the Olympics] it would be the most fantastic thing in the world, but I have to remain grounded and continue to be an athlete during that time."
Aldama, who was born in Havana and represented both Cuba and Sudan before gaining British citizenship two years ago, was thrilled after her surprise win.
Despite injuring herself on her third attempt, the closest anyone could get to Aldama was 14.63m, which earned Olga Rypakova of Kazakhstan the silver.
Dwain Chambers was unable to defend his 60m title, taking bronze behind Jamaica's Nesta Carter and winner Justin Gatlin. Like Chambers, the American has also served a drugs ban. "I have no problem with the guy," said Chambers. "We've all made mistakes. I've owned up, he's owned up and we just have to get on with it now."
"It's a very proud moment," she told BBC Radio 5 live. "I was hurting a little bit but I was ready to die for it if I had to."
She added: "I'm feeling great. The whole team has been very supportive, my family at home, everyone. I'm not thinking about the Olympics just yet. Now I'm going to have a little break, a celebration with the family and then start all over again. I feel so, so happy."
And asked later by reporters about the nationality issue, Aldama said: "Of course I feel British. I have been in the country for 11 years. What more could you ask? I do everything I have to as a British citizen, my kids are British, 60% of my friends are British. Britain is home."
"I feel really good," she said after holding off Alina Talay of Belarus to claim silver in the 60m hurdles. "I'm happy I was able to come out here and execute my race and bring home a medal.
"I was able to follow my own advice, the advice I gave to the British team in my speech. For me the main focus was to come out here and compete with pride. That's what I was able to do so I'm happy."
set a personal best of 52.13 seconds in the 400m final but that was only good enough for fifth, with American Sanya Richards-Ross storming to victory in 50.79s.
"I felt really, really good," said Cox. "I'm happy with it, I got a PB out of it, you can't ask for anything else. I know I have a lot more in me so I'm looking forward to the future."
earlier broke her own British record on the way to reaching Sunday's long jump final, recording a leap of 6.86m in the second round to beat her previous mark by six centimetres.
Proctor reached the world outdoor final with her native Anguilla in 2009 before switching to represent Britain in November 2010.
She has UK citizenship as Anguilla is a British overseas territory, and said: "Thank God I've qualified, that's a weight lifted off my shoulders. I didn't expect to jump that far, I just expected to jump far enough to get into the final.
"Now I just have to go out there and jump. Ideally, I'd like to get a medal, jump a national record. You've got to reach for the stars."
qualified for the 800m final by finishing second in his semi-final, but Joe Thomas missed out.
cleared 2.29m to reach the high jump final, but it proved too much for team-mate Samson Oni.
Britain's men's 4x400m relay team -
- were the fastest qualifiers for their final, 0.02 seconds ahead of their United States rivals.
won his 60m hurdles heat, while also progressing to the semi-finals were
in the women's 60m, and
finished fifth in the pole vault with 5.70m.
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