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Last updated: Wednesday, 7 January, 2004 15:15
Crop Circle expert - Paul Vigay
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Paul Vijay
Paul Vigay prefers to remain incognito... simply so that he can track crop circles without being recognised.
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Paul Vigay has a distinguished interest in crop circle research, as well as UFOs and the paranormal.

Paul answered your questions about Crop Circles.

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WATCH and LISTEN
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Researcher Colin Andrews: 20% of the designs defy reasonable explanation
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The BBC's Jane O'Brien: There are unexplained factors such as the lack of footprints
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The BBC's Francesca Kasteliz
"The latest in a long list of possible explanations"
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UFOs might fly using magnetic power which might cause crop circle formations
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Free Real player
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SEE ALSO
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George Bishop of the Centre for Crop Circle Studies explains his theories

BBC Southampton's ghost section


BBC Southampton's psychic section

BBC Southampton's UFO Section
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WEB LINKS
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Lucy Pringle's Crop Circle website

Centre for Crop Circle Studies

David Kingston's Crop Circle website

Crop Circle database

Circlemakers

UFO, Abduction and Crop Circle website (iwasabducted.com)

Crop Circle Connector

The BBC is not responsible for the content of external websites.

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FACTS
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In 1991 two landscape painters from Hampshire, David Chorley and Douglas Bower, claimed they started the whole crop circle hoax craze hoax in 1978, after drinking in a pub.

Ninety percent - and in some years, 98% - of the circles in the UK appear along the aquifer line (a layer of rock able to hold water), which runs from Dorset to Norfolk

One of the earliest reports was in Lyon in 815AD, and a late 16th Century woodcut depicts the devil mowing a field into patterns.
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Look through our crop circle factfile to learn more about these strange things.

Having had a long interest in UFOs, hauntings and the Occult, Paul first became interested in crop circles in 1990 when he was developing some electronic equipment to detect electric current flow behind walls and floors.

His mother had previously collected some corn stalks from local fields - some from inside a crop circle.

As he was demonstrating his 'gizmo', he jokingly placed the probe on one of the stalks of corn.

He got a reading of electric charge... and his interest in crop circles was ignited.

Paul is the man behind an extensive website called www.cropcircleresearch.com

Paul Vigay answered your questions during a webchat session which is now closed.

Carol Wade, Winchester
Comment: considering the power of infrasound or sound that many thousands of us in uk hear...at about 11.30pm onwards through the night...it is straight to skull sound and not tinitus...the biggest coverup in the uk....then why can't this be investigated. I believe that sound could create these circles....with the use of template perhaps. This sound is not investigated....too much is at stake.!
Jim Burkley, Wayland MA, USA

Comment: I notice in 2002 almost two thirds of cc appear in the UK where media coverage is high suggesting an artificial(manmade) cause, most, if not all circles seems to appear in manmade agriculture, maybe for ease of access or publicity. Are there any evidence of crop circles in remote areas of the world in natural grasses or forests? - where nobody local cares or can make a media event out of it.

Does this origin of events outside the UK also occur in countries where the media is prone to perpetuate the event for its readership or viewer value? And finally, there does not seem to be any real scientific investigation other than a few local scientists with sensors or other type of sensors.

Maybe no one wants to see the end of it, it is such a fun game if the farmers don't mind losing their crops. In the movie SIGNS the director ! us! ed corn so it would appear better on the big screen. Thank You Jim B
Answer: You make some interesting points, and you might find answers in my International Crop Circle database

Crop Circles have appeared all around the world, and in all types of crop, including Maize or 'Corn' such as that portrayed in the "Signs" movie.

There have been numerous reports of circles found in prairie grass in remote places in Canada and the USA - where there can often be 100s of miles around formations, unlike in the UK where we're never far from civilisation.

It's always difficult to gain useful statistical results from locations though, simply because if a formation appears in a populated area it will be reported a lot quicker than one that appears in a remote place where it may go unnoticed for weeks.

There is quite a bit of serious scientific study into crop circles, but understandably a lot of scientists fear ridicule or peer pressure not to become involved in 'fringe science' so a lot goes on in closed laboratories.

However, I'm sure as more scientific discoveries are made, more announcements will be forthcoming, which may intrigue other scientists enough to see there is a genuine mystery which warrants further investigation and research. One team looking into the biological and cellular mutations which take place inside genuine crop circle events is the BLT Research Team Inc. who are based in Massachusetts, USA. Their web site is at www.bltresearch.com

Paul, Brighton

Comment: What the hell are the BBC doing giving these people airtime? anyone can see that crop circles appear because theyre built by men at night. Not little green men. And the health and hormone properties of them just beggar belief.

This thing about wheat stalks being changed from the inside is just amazingly bannal. It doesn't take a brain surgeon to work out that if you flatten a crop, and the sun shines the next day, then theres going to be some grwoth on the stalks, in the direction of the sun...this would explain why theire bent. Simple. Why does there have to be an alien explanation for these things, when there are so many people faking it?

What level of serious reserach definitiely says that crop circles are a phenomonon that are not man made??

I thought the bit at the end of the programme was cruel though. there's no need to take the mickey out of crop circle 'researchers' when they do it so well themselbves just by being so serious about such a silly subject. grow up BBC and do something which warrants proper investiagtion.
Answer: It's interesting to see different people's reactions to things they don't necessarily understand or haven't witnessed first hand.

Of course, like you say, Occams Razor principle would tend to imply that the origin of crop circles is the simplest explanation, i.e. human pranksters.

However, other then formations specifically commissioned for advertising purposes or TV programs, not a single hoaxer has ever been caught, in over 20 years of crop circles appearing. Plus, when attempting to reproduce elaborate crop circle designs, no hoaxer has successfully reproduced the accuracy, geometry and mathematical perfection of the original design.

This is not even taking into account the many documented reports of scientifically measurable anomalies which have occurred inside crop formations - such as cameras failing, new or fully charged batteries going flat within seconds, high electromagnetic fluctuations, in the order of 200-300% increase from the background frequency.

The thing you mention about crop stalks growing back up towards the light is called phototropism and is indeed correct. However, this is not the effect we are referring to when we have measured cellular and biological changed in crop formations. Again, I refer you to the work of the BLT Research Team Inc., which I mentioned in my first reply (above).

I fully agree with your final paragraph though. Sadly the media seem all too eager to interview the first 'New Age weirdo' who proclaims themselves a crop circle 'researcher'.

The quicker we can shed this biased image, the better for serious research and continued scientific investigation.

 

 
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