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24 September 2014
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Ram Navami - The birth of Lord Rama
Diya and incense sticks
Diya and incense sticks are lit during prayers

Lord Rama is considered to be the seventh reincarnation of Lord Vishnu, the creator of the universe.

His main purpose on earth was to kill Ravana, the evil king of Lanka.

WEBLINKS
Hinduism in London
Gives an in-depth account of Hinduism in the UK.
The BBC is not responsible for the content of external websites.
FACTS

Temples of Lord Rama in the Midlands:
Ram Krishna Temple
39 Wellington Road
Wolverhampton

Shri Rama Mandir
Ford Street, Pleck
Walsall
West Midlands
WS2 9BU

Ram Mandir
8 Walford Road
Sparkbrook
Birmingham, B11 1JL
West Midlands
Tel: 0121-773 5735

Rama Mandir
Hildyard Road
Leicester LE4 5GG

Shree Hindu Temple
274 Stoney Stanton Road Coventry CV6 5DJ
Tel: 02476 685898
CONTACTS

Tell us what you think of this special report by visiting our Message Board.

You can contact
Manish Gajjar at
manish.gajjar@bbc.co.uk
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Historical birth of Lord Rama

The country of Kosal was situated on the banks of the river Sharayu, India. Ayodhya was the capital founded by King Rishi Manu.

During the reign of King Dasharath, Ayodhya reached a period of great prosperity.

But Dasharath was faced with a dilemma. He had no heir to take over his throne.

So he decided to carry out a sacrifice known as ashvamedh (meaning horse-sacrifice), performed by the great holy sage, Rishi Rishyashring.

Involving complex rituals and the reciting of holy mantras, this sacrifice caught the attention of the Gods - Gandharyas, Siddhas and Rishis. They in turn began to pray to Lord Brahma.

During that time, the people of Lanka (presently known as Sri Lanka, Southern India), were being subjected to a reign of terror by their King, Ravana. So they wanted liberation.

Photo of Lord Rama
A diya is placed in front of the photo before the beginning of prayer.

Ravana had acquired great powers obtained from Lord Brahma.

The boon was that he would never die at the hands of Gods, Gandharvas, Vakshas (demigods) or even the common man.

Angry by Ravana’s barbaric behaviour, Lord Brahma declared that he should die at the hands of a man.

So the Gods went to Lord Vishnu and requested he should be re-born as a man, (to be named Rama) in the household of King Dasharath.

He is to be born in four different divinities to the three queens of King Dasharath.

In the meantime, whilst Dasharath’s sacrifice was nearing completion, a shining figure appeared offering the King payasam (a divine beverage) to be given to his queens Kaushalya, Kaikayi, and Sumitra.

In due course, Kaushalya gave birth to Rama, Kaikayi to Bharata and Sumitra to two sons, Lakshmana and Shatrughna.

The birth of an heir brought tremendous joy to the people of Ayodhya and to King Dasharath.
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