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16 October 2014
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Reference - State Government

Immigration in the states
In the past, the incidence of immigration in the USA has always influenced voting patterns. The current situation, with a notably high rate of increase in the Hispanic population in some states, is no exception. What's fascinating are the tensions created within the parties by contradictory interests. The four featured states illustrate the trends and the contradictions.

These details from the US Census Bureau use the term ‘foreign born' to indicate residents in the state born outside the USA .

At the national level, 51.7% of the foreign born were from Latin America, 26.4% from Asia, 15.8% from Europe, 2.8% from Africa, 2.7% from Northern America and 0.5% from Oceania.

Alabama - most foreign born are from Latin America.
Of the total foreign born in Alabama in 2000, 40.5% were from Latin America, 29.9% from Asia, 21.0% from Europe, 4.2% from Africa, 3.8% from Northern America (Canada, the United States, Bermuda, Greenland, St. Pierre, and Miquelon), and 0.6% from Oceania.
Alabama has a much smaller Hispanic population than Texas but, between 1990 and 2000, their numbers trebled. Republicans in the state will be hoping to attract their support to ensure electoral success.
Massachusetts – most foreign born are from Europe.
Of the total foreign born in Massachusetts in 2000, 32.2 % were from Europe, 30.0% from Latin America, 26.1% from Asia, 6.2% from Africa, 5.3% from Northern America and 0.3% from Oceania .
The Massachusetts delegation commonly votes in the traditional Democratic way - to enable limited immigration and to seek to protect the constitutional rights of illegal residents in the USA . Massachusetts does not face such urgent issues in relation to the Hispanic community. This attitude might shift. Even Democrats do not want to be accused of being “soft” on illegal immigration.
New Jersey
New Jersey – most foreign born are from Latin America.
Of the total foreign born in New Jersey in 2000, 43.0% were from Latin America, 27.8% from Asia, 23.9% from Europe, 4.1% from Africa, 1.2 % from Northern America
New Jersey has tended to support limited immigration and individual rights but delegates are under pressure from their Democratic Party colleagues in southern and central states who are coping with the costs of very large Hispanic populations. So, the northern eastern states have some obligation to support Congressional action which will crack down on illegal immigration.
Texas - most foreign born are from Latin America.
Of the total foreign born in Texas in 2000, 74.9% were from Latin America, 16.1% from Asia, 5.3% from Europe, 2.2% from Africa, 1.3% from Northern America
Texas has a mainly Republican delegation in Congress and has tended to vote for restrictions on immigration. But, with more than a third of the Texan population now Hispanic, the Republican delegation has to be careful. There are two main reasons: some big employers rely on a supply of immigrant labour and, although at the moment many of the legal Hispanic population do not to vote, when they do, they increasingly vote Republican.


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