The Constitutional Court was set up in 1994 and began its work in February 1995. The court is completely independent of the Government and is made up of 11 judges; in 2004 there were nine men and two women. Each judge serves for one term of 12 years but must retire at 70.
The job of the Constitutional Court is to protect the constitution and to uphold the law of the land. Any case must be held in front of at least 8 judges. During its existence it has adjudicated on cases involving health, HIV/Aids, workers rights, gay and lesbian rights, disability, land claims and the death penalty.