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20 October 2014
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Mary Queen of Scots

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The Treaty of Edinburgh: 1560
During the 1550's, France controlled Scotland. The infant Queen Mary was in France preparing to marry Francis, the French prince. Her French mother, Mary of Guise, ran Scotland in her absence.

However, a small but powerful band of Protestant Scottish noblemen, called the Lords of the Congregation, resented France's power over Scotland.

With the support of England, they rebelled. The following years saw English and Scottish soldiers fighting side-by-side to kick the French out of Scotland.

The death of Mary of Guise in 1560 brought an end to the conflict. Scotland regained its independence and became a Protestant country.

Click your mouse on the two areas of the picture to find out more.

Now try an exam-style question.
John Knox and the congregation
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The Congregation John Knox