Yorkshire Dales National Park is the third largest of the National Parks of England
and Wales and encloses 1,769 square kilometres of the central Pennine uplands.
It is known for its outstanding scenery and diversity of wildlife and habitats.
It was designated a National Park in 1954 in recognition of these important features.
It has a population of 19,000 in some 7,400 households, mainly in small villages.
The largest settlement in the National Park is Sedbergh, with 2,000 people.
gives the Yorkshire Dales much of its character. The dry-stone walls, traditional
farmhouses and field barns typify the Dales scenery. The 90% native deciduous
woodland cover of 8,000 years ago has been progressively cleared and now covers
only 1% of the national park. Today some 52% of the Park is open moorland, while
40% is enclosed farmland.
quarrying industry in the Dales dates back hundreds of years. Stone from small
local pits was used to create the distinctive Dales landscape of dry-stone walls,
field barns, farmsteads and villages. It's big business in the Dales with over
4.7 million tonnes being quarried in 1994.
The National Park Authority
is the statutory planning authority and because of the need to preserve the natural
and human landscape, extra restrictions are imposed on local developments whether
they be for residential, farming, industrial or tourist use.
applications tend to take a lot longer than in other places because various conservation
bodies have always to be consulted. Buildings are more expensive because local
materials must be used and any housing developments are restricted to a few areas.
No development at all is allowed on the open moorlands and in open spaces in small
villages. Farmers are not allowed to get rid of field boundaries or do anything
which would affect any of the wildlife habitats on their land.
are much stricter rules on the changes allowed to buildings and there is a good
practice manual which must be followed. Shopkeepers are not allowed to have internally
illuminated signs and fascias. Farm buildings, if they are to be changed into
housing, must be at low cost and be sold to people who work in farming or forestry.