The Scottsboro Boys
Two white girls in Scottsboro, Alabama, accused nine Black American youths of rape. The youths were tried and found guilty by an all-white jury. Eight were sentenced to death and the ninth given life imprisonment because he was only 13 years old. Later, one of the girls admitted she’d been lying. After six years of appeals and retrials, the charges against five of the youths were dropped.
Franklin D. Roosevelt (Democrat) elected President
The Great Depression left huge numbers of people unemployed and living in poverty. Roosevelt’s New Deal aimed to create jobs. Opportunities were provided for Black Americans, but there was still plenty of discrimination. For example, the minimum wage for Black Americans was lower than for whites. But trade unions gave Black American workers an increased awareness of their civil rights.