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19 January 2015
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Jacobites. The 1745 Rebellion

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James Francis StuartFact Book: James Francis Stuart or the "Old Pretender"

Born 1688. Died 1766.


James Francis was the son of James VII of Scotland (James II of England). James Francis was nicknamed the "Old Pretender" because he had a claim to the thrones of England and Scotland. Some people didn't like him because he pretended to be the proper king of England and Scotland.

  • His father, James II was chased out of England in 1688 by the English Parliament
  • A Dutch Prince, William of Orange then became the King of England and Scotland
  • James Francis tried to win the crown back for his father in 1715 but that rising failed
  • Some people didn't like the Stuarts because they thought they wanted to change the religion of the country. Religion was very important then
  • The Stuarts believed that God had made them kings and that they didn't have to listen to anyone
  • People who liked James Francis thought he should be the king because he was the son of James II. They didn't like the idea of James VIIs own daughter Mary and her Dutch husband William ruling Scotland and England!


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