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19 January 2015
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Jacobites. The 1745 Rebellion

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Jacobite RisingFact Book: The 1715 Jacobite Rising

There had already been a Jacobite rising before Bonnie Prince Charlie started one. In 1715 Bonnie Prince Charlie's father, James Francis Stuart, came to Scotland and tried to get the thrones of England and Scotland back. Why was this?

  • In 1714 the Queen of Britain, Queen Anne, died without any children to take over. She actually had 18 children but they all died before she did!
  • The Jacobite friends of James Francis wanted him to be the next King because he was Anne's closest relative
  • But James Francis was a Roman Catholic and British Protestants did not want him!
  • The crown was given to the closest Protestant relative of Anne's in stead. Anne's German relative George of Hanover was offered the throne after Anne died.This made the Jacobites very angry!
  • The new King, George I, could not speak English and was very unpopular
  • In 1715 James Francis arrived in Scotland and raised a Jacobite army
  • The Jacobite Rising was very badly planned though. James Francis also became ill and eventually the rising failed

Many Jacobites felt that had the Rising been better planned they could have won and put the James Francis back on the thrones of England and Scotland. When Bonnie Prince Charlie tried again in 1745, many Jacobites thought they could win this time!


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