Many say that the English astronomer Sir Fred Hoyle's most important contribution to science was his explanation of how the heavier elements are formed inside stars and that he should have won the Nobel prize for this work.
In the 1940s, Hoyle and others developed an alternative mathematical model of the Universe that did not start in a massive expansion described by the Big Bang theory. They said that matter is continuously created at a rate that keeps the average density of the Universe the same as it expands. Though this idea, Steady State theory, is largely discredited today, it pushed the Big Bang supporters to back up their theory with evidence.
Image: Hoyle presents a radio series, The Nature of the Universe, in 1950
Hoyle puts forward an alternative to the Big Bang.
Fred Hoyle talks about the Steady State theory.
In the late 1960s, Fred Hoyle discusses Steady State theory in light of what was then recent evidence for the Big Bang. Hoyle never accepted the Big Bang and, working with other scientists, continued to adapt the Steady State theory to explain new discoveries. Steady State theory is largely discredited to today.
Fred Hoyle explains his most important discovery.
Sir Fred Hoyle explains how he discovered that all the heavier elements are created inside stars. This was a major discovery that helped explain the lifecycle of stars.
Fred Hoyle attacks the Big Bang theory.
Astronomer Sir Fred Hoyle rejected the Big Bang theory. Instead, he proposed an alternative idea - the Steady State theory - which did away with the Big Bang theory's need for a start to the Universe.
Sir Fred Hoyle FRS (24 June 1915 – 20 August 2001) was an English astronomer noted primarily for his contribution to the theory of stellar nucleosynthesis and his often controversial stance on other cosmological and scientific matters—in particular his rejection of the "Big Bang" theory, a term originally coined by him on BBC radio. In addition to his work as an astronomer, Hoyle was a writer of science fiction, including a number of books co-written with his son Geoffrey Hoyle. Hoyle spent most of his working life at the Institute of Astronomy at Cambridge and served as its director for a number of years. He died in Bournemouth, England, after a series of strokes.