Olympus Mons

Olympus Mons

At a height of 25km, Olympus Mons on Mars is the largest volcano in the Solar System and is nearly three times as tall as Mount Everest.

It is thought that one of the reasons that Olympus Mons and the other volcanoes on Mars are large is that the Red Planet's crust doesn't move like the Earth's. This lack of active plate tectonics means that rising magma erupted on the same part of the planet's crust and slowly built up a very large volcano.

Eruptions of Olympus Mons and the other volcanoes on Mars are thought to have ceased due to the cooling of Mars's core.

Photo: Olympus Mons taken by the Mars Global Surveyor probe (NASA/JPL/Malin Space Science Systems)

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Olympus Mons

About Olympus Mons

Mars has the Solar System's largest volcano.

About Olympus Mons

Olympus Mons (pronunciation: /əˌlɪmpəs ˈmɒnz, -, -ˈmɒns/;Latin for Mount Olympus) is a very large shield volcano on the planet Mars. By one measure, it has a height of nearly 22 km (13.6 mi). Olympus Mons stands about two and a half times as tall as Mount Everest's height above sea level. It is the youngest of the large volcanoes on Mars, having formed during Mars's Hesperian Period. It is currently the largest volcano discovered in the Solar System and had been known to astronomers since the late 19th century as the albedo feature Nix Olympica (Latin for "Olympic Snow"). Its mountainous nature was suspected well before space probes confirmed its identity as a mountain.

The volcano is located in Mars's western hemisphere at approximately 18°39′N 226°12′E / 18.65°N 226.2°E / 18.65; 226.2, just off the northwestern edge of the Tharsis bulge. The western portion of the volcano lies in the Amazonis quadrangle (MC-8) and the central and eastern portions in the adjoining Tharsis quadrangle (MC-9).

Two impact craters on Olympus Mons have been assigned provisional names by the International Astronomical Union. They are the 15.6 km (9.7 mi)-diameter Karzok crater (18°25′N 131°55′W / 18.417°N 131.917°W / 18.417; -131.917) and the 10.4 km (6.5 mi)-diameter Pangboche crater (17°10′N 133°35′W / 17.167°N 133.583°W / 17.167; -133.583). The craters are notable for being two of several suspected source areas for shergottites, the most abundant class of Martian meteorites.

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