Mount Etna is Europe's tallest active volcano and is located in Sicily, Italy. Like many other dangerous volcanoes such as Mount St Helens and Mount Vesuvius, Etna is a composite volcano. It has been created by the Earth's active tectonic plate system – the African plate is moving below the Eurasian plate. As the Eurasian plate moves down into the Earth, it melts. Rising magma erupts at the surface as lava and ash and builds Etna in the process.
Etna has erupted many times during recorded history and is still very active.
There are towns and villages surrounding the mountain, including Catania. In the past, the Italian authorities have used explosives, concrete dams, and ditches to divert lava flows away from these settlements.
Image: A volcanologist wearing a protective suit watches Etna erupt in 2000 (credit: Jeremy Bishop)
Mount Etna has been studied for thousands of years.
Professor Iain Stewart recalls some of the ancient myths associated with Mount Etna and explains how the ancient Greeks began to take a more rational approach to the world around them. Mount Etna is an extremely active volcano that sits over a type of plate boundary known as a subduction zone.
Europe's tallest active volcano erupts frequently.
Professor Iain Stewart explains that Mount Etna is an extremely active volcano.
BBC News reports on a 1992 Mount Etna eruption.
The BBC's Justin Webb reports on attempts to divert lava flows on Mount Etna during a 1992 eruption.