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20 October 2014
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Science topics ages 8 - 9
Moving and growing

Curriculum relevance | Online lesson plan
Offline lesson plan | Worksheet | Activity

Offline lesson plan


Know that humans have internal skeletons

Recognise and know the names of bones in their own body

Understand how the skeleton supports and protects the body, and aids movement

National Curriculum

England: Key Stage 2, Sc2, 2e

Wales: Key Stage 2, Life processes and living things, 2.8

Northern Ireland: Key Stage 2, Living things, Ourselves f

Scotland: 5-14 Guidelines, Science, Variety and characteristic features, Levels B, C

Resources required

X-rays of human skeleton

Large picture or model of human skeleton

Display labels of different bones in human skeleton

Teaching activities

Ask children to brainstorm in partners as many different parts of the body as they can in two minutes. Ask them to write the parts in a list and circle those that are bones. What is the name for all the bones in the human body? Explain that because our skeleton is inside our body, it is called an internal skeleton.

Display the labels for bones in each of these seven areas: 1) head (skull, jaw), 2) neck (collar bones, shoulder blades), 3) arm and hand (shoulder, elbow, wrist and knuckle joints, upper and lower arm bones, finger bones), 4) chest (rib cage, breast bone), 5) spine (backbone, vertebrae), 6) hip region (pelvis) and 7) leg (hip joint, thigh-bone, knee cap and joint, shin-bone, ankle, heel and feet bones, toe joints).

Show children the model of the human skeleton. Tell the children they are going to find and name different bones in each part of the body. They are going to locate them on the model, feel them in their body and think about the job each bone does.

Work through the head area together. Ask children to gently feel their skull. Locate it on the model. Ask children to gently feel the other parts of the bones in the head. Each time locate the appropriate part on the model. What do the skull and jaw do?

In pairs, children go through the rest of the six areas, using the Moving and growing worksheet to label the different bones in the skeleton. Encourage each pair to try to feel these bones in their own body and write under each label what jobs they think these bones do.

Put labels into the correct places on the large picture or model of the skeleton. Each time ask the children what job they think the bone does. Does it protect a body part, support a body part or allow movement?


Children research in books or CD-ROMs to find out the names of other, smaller bones in the human body. They then add these extra labels to the skeleton on the Moving and growing worksheet.

Suggested homework

Ask children to find out how many bones there are in the human body altogether and to find out why babies have more bones in their body than adults do.


Resources for teachers

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