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23 September 2014
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Ages 5 - 6 Ages 6 - 7 Ages 7 - 8
Ages 8 - 9 Ages 9 - 10 Ages 10 - 11

 
Science topics ages 8 - 9
Habitats


Curriculum relevance | Online lesson plan
Offline lesson plan | Worksheet | Activity

Offline lesson plan

Objectives

Know that different plants and animals are found in different habitats

To use food chains to show feeding relationships in a habitat

Know that nearly all food chains start with a green plant



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National Curriculum

England: Key Stage 2, Sc2, 5b, 5d, 5e

Wales: Key Stage 2, Life processes and living things, 4.1, 4.3, 4.4

Northern Ireland: Key Stage 2, Living things, Animals and plants e, i

Scotland: 5-14 Guidelines, Science, Interaction of living things with their environment, Levels A, B

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Resources required

Copies of the Habitats worksheet printed from the Science Clips website

Pictures and labels of environments on display

Pictures and labels of organisms from a food chain on display

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Teaching activities

Introduction
Write the following headings on a whiteboard: Herbivore, Carnivore, Omnivore. Ask children to try to define each. Give them time to discuss with their response partner and then record suggestions under each heading on the whiteboard.

Discuss the terms producer, first consumer, second consumer, prey, predator.

Write these terms into a food chain on the whiteboard. Explain that the arrows in a food chain stand for 'is eaten by'. From the pictures of organisms on display, can children identify one that fits under each heading?

Activities
Tell the children they are going to complete food chains for organisms in three environments. Hand out copies of the Habitat worksheet, one per child. Ask each child to fill in the three food chain diagrams. Ask the children to think on how the living things found within one habitat are different to those found in another? Why are they different (they have adapted to the environment over time)? Which organisms live in the school's local environment?

Plenary
Review the food chain terms (producer, predator and so on) written on the whiteboard in light of the worksheet the children have just filled in. What is the producer in each of the three habitats on the worksheet? Repeat this questioning for each food chain term.

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Extension

Research related food chains (an organism that has been studied that is eaten by another organism in a different food chain). Interlink these to form a food web, represented in pictures or labels linked by drawn lines.

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Suggested homework

Ask the children to identify and keep a list of organisms in their local environment. These can be displayed under environment headings for discussion in the next lesson. A classroom display putting these organisms into food chains and possibly food webs can then be set up.

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