Hanukkah or Chanukah is the Jewish Festival of Lights.
It dates back to two centuries before the beginning of Christianity.
In the western calendar Hanukkah is celebrated in November or December.
The word Hanukkah means rededication and celebrates one of the greatest miracles in Jewish history.
The story of Hanukkah
The festival reminds Jews of a time over 2500 years ago when Antiochus, a Syrian king, tried to make the Jewish people worship Greek gods. A statue of Antiochus was erected in the Jewish temple and the Jews were ordered to bow down before him. The Ten Commandments forbid Jews to worship statues or idols and so they refused.
A small group of Jews called Maccabees rebelled, and after a three year war they recaptured Jerusalem from the Syrians. But the temple was all but destroyed.
The Jews had to clean and repair the Temple, and when they were finished they rededicated it to God. They did this by lighting the lamp (Menorah) - which was a symbol of God's presence. Only one small jar of oil was found, enough for one day, but miraculously the lamp stayed alight for eight days.
How is Hanukkah celebrated today?
Hanukkah is celebrated by lighting one candle on the Hanukiah (an eight-stemmed candelabrum) each day.
The Hanukiah symbolises how God looked after the Jewish people at this difficult time.
Games are often played at Hanukkah. The most common game uses a dreidel and is a popular way of helping children to remember the great miracle.