Beliefs and practices (Key Stage 2)
Explain that in Islam fasting is a gift to Allah. Lead a class discussion on the significance of voluntarily going without food. Why do students think people in several religions have times of fasting?
Watch a video or CD-ROM showing a Muslim child explaining the importance of Ramadan and Eid-ul-Fitr, or ask a member of the class, if possible, to describe his/her own experiences. Compare the feasting of Eid with the fasting of Ramadan. The Ramadan and Id and Fasting during Ramadan videos may help pupils prepare for this activity. Pupils could complete the Ramadan worksheets as part of this activity.
Giving to charity is also an important aspect of Ramadan. Students could organise a collection or charity event as a class.
Geometric patterns are a key feature of Islamic art. Artists seek to represent the essence of objects, rather than recreating them exactly as they appear. Students could make cards for Ramadan or Eid-ul-Fitr featuring geometric patterns, buildings or images of the crescent moon and star. A typical greeting for Eid is 'Eid Mubarak!' - Blessed Eid.
Note that Islamic religious art does not include images of people or animals. To most Muslims it is not acceptable to reproduce life-like images of people or animals. It is considered blasphemous to try to copy God's act of creation.
Beliefs behind festivals (Key Stage 3)
Build a calendar of religious dates and investigate the beliefs behind these festivals through creative writing and investigation. Students could write a newspaper report about the festival or a diary entry for a young person undertaking the Ramadan fast for the first time. Medical student Atia Razmi's Ramadan diary may provide ideas and inspiration.
The Ramadan newspaper writing frame supports this activity.