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Did you know that the Sun isn't un planeta (a planet), but una estrella (a star)?
un planeta - a planet
una estrella - a star
el Sol - the Sun
la Tierra - the Earth
la Luna - the Moon
Mercurio - Mercury
Saturno - Saturn
Urano - Uranus
Júpiter - Jupiter
Neptuno - Neptune
Venus - Venus
Marte - Mars
Plutón - Pluto
DID YOU KNOW… Some of the days of the week in Spanish come from the planets – lunes (Monday) from la Luna and martes (Tuesday) from Marte.
To say where the planets are in relation to each other you can use:
cerca de - near to
lejos de - far from
Está cerca de la Tierra. - It’s near to the Earth.
Está lejos de Mercurio. - It’s far from Mercury.
If you want to talk about where things are in relation to el Sol you need to ‘squash’ the de and the el together into del.
Está cerca del Sol. - It’s near to the Sun.