Our World

Continents and rivers

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When you talk about where something is, you use está (NOT es) to mean ‘it is’.

el mundo - the world

un continente - a continent

Está en (el continente de) … - It’s in (the continent of) …

Asia - Asia

Australasia - Australasia

Europa - Europe

América del Sur - South America

América del Norte - North America

Oceanía - Oceania

África - Africa

Did you notice that you don’t have to use la with all of the continents above? Only Antartica uses la.

La Antártida - Antarctica

All of the continents are FEMININE. So if you describe them, you need to use a FEMININE ADJECTIVE eg la Antártida es fríA.

La Antártida es fría. - Antarctica is cold.

Then there are rivers – los ríos. All rivers are MASCULINE.

el Nilo - the Nile

el Ganges - the Ganges

el Yangtsé - the Yangzte

el Amazonas - the Amazon

el Támesis - the Thames

When you want to say ‘it’s on the river …’ (eg 'it's on the river Nile') you don’t need to say el with the name of the river because you already use it in el río.

Está en el río Nilo. - It’s on the River Nile.

You can say that something is 'the biggest' using the phrase el / la más grande.

For example:

El Támesis es un río y el Nilo es un río. - The Thames is a river and the Nile is a river.

El Nilo es el más grande. - The Nile is the biggest.