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Colours are ADJECTIVES. When they describe a NOUN, they agree with its GENDER (whether it is masculine or feminine).

So, red is rojo, but becomes roja with a feminine noun eg la pelota roja (the red ball). The same is true of other colours - for example, negro (black) becomes negra etc.

rojo, roja - red (m), red (f)

negro, negra - black (m), black (f)

blanco, blanca - white (m), white (f)

amarillo, amarilla - yellow (m), yellow (f)

morado, morada - purple (m), purple (f)

Some colours don’t change their endings to match the GENDER. For example, naranja stays the same for both masculine and feminine nouns. El coche naranja - the orange car (masculine). La pelota naranja - the orange ball (feminine).

naranja - orange

rosa - pink

marrón - brown

azul - blue

verde - green

gris - grey