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tiān / 天 - day

xīngqī / 星期 - week

Days of the week are straightforward in Mandarin.

First you need to use the word for ‘week’ in Mandarin xīngqī / 星期, then add the number for that day of the week.

Monday, day one of the week, is ‘week 1’ xīngqī yī / 星期一.

'Tuesday' is 'week 2' xīngqī èr / — 星期二, Wednesday xīngqī sān / 星期三 is ‘week 3’ and so on.

The only exception is Sunday where xīngqī / 星期 is followed by tiān / 天 or rì / 日, both meaning 'day’.

xīngqī yī / 星期 - Monday

xīngqī èr / 星期二 - Tuesday

xīngqī sān / 星期三 - Wednesday

xīngqī sì / 星期四 - Thursday

xīngqī wǔ / 星期五 - Friday

xīngqī liù / 星期六 - Saturday

xīngqī tiān / 星期天 - Sunday

xīngqī rì /星期日 - Sunday

So, in China, yīgè xīngqī  / 一个星期 (a week) is seven days just like it is here. It starts on Monday and ends on Sunday. People have time off at zhōumò / 周末 (the weekend).

yīgè xīngqī / 一个星期 - a week

zhōumò / 周末 - weekend

The following words can be used to describe the general time of day.

Lunch breaks are generally longer in China so ‘noon’ in Mandarin normally means ‘12pm to 2pm’.

zǎoshang / 早上 - morning

zhōng wǔ/ 中午 - noon

xià wǔ / 下午 - afternoon

wǎn shang / 晚上 - evening

míng tiān / 明天 - tomorrow

míngtiān zǎoshang / 明天早上 - tomorrow morning

zuó tiān / 昨天 - yesterday

jīn tiān / 今天 - today