Culture

Fact file

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What do you know about China zhōng guó / 中国?

zhōng guó / 中国 - China

Here are some facts!

zhōngguó zài yàzhōu / 中国在亚洲 - China is in Asia

zhōngguó shì shìjiè shàng rénkǒu zuì duō de guójiā / 中国是世界上人口最多的国家 - China has the largest population in the world.

yǔyán shì zhōngwén / 语言是中文 - The language is Chinese.

pǔ tōng huà / 普通话 - Mandarin

zhōngguó de huòbì shì rénmínbì / 中国的货币是人民币 - the currency is the RMB.

How big is China?

zhōngguó shì shìjiè shàng dì sān dà de guójiā / 中国是世界上第三大的国家 - China is the third largest country in the world.

zhōngguó de shǒudōu shì běijīng / 中国的首都是北京 - The capital of China is Beijing.

There are 23 provinces, five autonomous regions, 4 municipalities, 2 Special Administrative Regions - they’re like counties but much bigger!

These include:

xiāng gǎng / 香港 - Hong Kong

ào mén / 澳门 - Macao

DID YOU KNOW….China is a multi-ethnic country which means that many people with many different backgrounds live there? It has 56 nationalities such as Dai, Han, Mongolian, Hui, Tibetan, Uygur, Miao, Yi, Zhuang, Buyi, Korean, and Manchu.

There are two famous rivers in China, they are the Yangtze River and the Yellow River. The Yangtze River is very long, the longest in Asia and the third longest in the world! 

cháng jiāng / 长江 - Yangtze River

The Yellow River is also called the Mother River because many people think Chinese civilization started alongside the river.

huáng hé / 黄河 - Yellow River

China has the highest mountain in the world: Mount Qomolangma (8843.43m) in the Himalayas. You may already know this mountain: it is often called Mount Everest!

Zhūmùlǎngmǎ Fēng / 珠穆朗玛峰 - Mount Qomolangma

DID YOU KNOW….Pandas are rare animals that come from China? Because they are very popular (and cute!) pandas were used as mascots for the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing. The mascots were five cartoon pandas called Fuwa Fúwá / 福娃 or ‘good luck dolls’.

xióng māo / 熊猫 - panda

fúwá / 福娃 - fuwa or ‘good luck dolls’