Our World

Describing a scene

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When you’re describing things in French, you use c’est to mean ‘it is’.

C’est is short for ce est. When you miss a letter in French you use an apostrophe, just like in English.

C’est - It’s (it is)

If you want to say ‘it isn’t’ you need to make a ne ... pas sandwich around the verb.

Ce n’est pas - It isn’t

Il y a (there is / are) is also a very useful verb.

Il y a - There is / are

To make your descriptions more interesting you might want to use these helpful words too:

très - very

assez - quite

So, here are some adjectives we might use to describe a scene. Some of them stay the same for both masculine and feminine nouns.

clair, claire - light

foncé, foncée - dark

chaud, chaude - hot

froid, froide - cold

sombre - dull

calme - calm

coloré, colorée - colourful

Now put them together with c’est:

C’est chaud. - It’s hot.

C’est TRÈS chaud. - It’s VERY hot.

C’est clair. - It’s light.

C’est ASSEZ clair. - It’s QUITE light.

If you want to say where, you could use:

ici - here

- there

DID YOU KNOW... parce que means ‘because’ in French, but you can shorten it to car.

parce que - because

car - because

Ce n’est pas clair parce que c’est foncé. - It’s not light because it’s dark.

Ce n’est pas clair car c’est foncé. - It’s not light because it’s dark.