Our World

Continents and rivers

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le monde - the world

un continent - a continent

l’Océanie - Australasia

l’Europe - Europe

l’Amérique du Sud - South America

l’Amérique du Nord - North America

l’Afrique - Africa

l’Antarctique - Antarctica

All of the continents are feminine. So if you describe them, you need to use a FEMININE ADJECTIVE:

L’Antarctique est froide. - Antarctica is cold.

L’Afrique est claire. - Africa is (full of) light.

To say a country is in a continent, you use EN instead of the l' (the article):

C’est en Amérique du Sud. - It’s in South America.

La Belgique est en Europe. - Belgium is in Europe.

Then there are rivers:

les fleuves - the rivers

le Nil - the Nile

le Gange - the Ganges

le Yang Tsé - the Yangzte

l’Amazone - the Amazon

la Tamise - the Thames

la Seine - the Seine

When you want to say ‘it’s on the River…’, you use SUR:

C’est sur le Nil. - It’s on the Nile.

You can say that something is the biggest using the phrase le plus grand for MASCULINE nouns and la plus grande for FEMININE ones.

For example:

La Tamise est un fleuve. - The Thames is a river.

Le Nil est un fleuve. - The Nile is a river.

Le Nil est le plus grand. - The Nile is the biggest.

Can you work out how to say the smallest?

La Tamise est la plus petite. - The Thames is the smallest.

That’s right – lA plus petitE for FEMININE nouns and lE plus petit for MASCULINE ones.