Primary History

Famous People: Glossary

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Jump to: A-D | E-G | H-L | M-O | P-S | T-Z

A to D

adjective
a word that describes something (such as 'big' or 'old')
ambassador
someone sent to another country to represent their own country
Armada
Spain's invasion fleet of 1588
beheaded
When someone had their head cut off, as a punishment
British Empire
lands ruled by Britain, Victoria was Queen of about a quarter (1/4) of the world
burned at the stake
executed by being burned alive in a bonfire
carriage
passenger vehicle for rich people, pulled by horses
catholic
a member of the Roman Catholic Church, led by the Pope
century
100 years
coronation
ceremony to crown a king or queen
court
the followers and close advisers of a king or queen
Crimean War
Britain and France fighting Russia 1854-1856
Crown Prince
the eldest son of the German Emperor
divorced
when a marriage is ended by law
divorce
when a marriage is ended by law

E to G

empire
many lands and peoples ruled by an emperor (or empress)
feast
a banquet, a celebration or party with lots to eat and drink
governess
woman who taught rich children at home

H to L

hawking
hunting with trained hawks (birds of prey)
Hindustani
a language of India
jousting
mock-fights by knights on horseback
Kaiser
title of the Emperor of Germany (like 'Caesar')
ladies in waiting
noblewomen at Court who were friends and helpers of the Queen
Latin
the language of learning, law and the Christian Church
legitimate
lawful, in Victoria's time it meant a child born to a married couple
Lord protector
nobleman who ruled England while Edward VI was growing up

M to O

mourning
showing grief after someone dies, for example by wearing black clothes
noblemen
rich landowners with titles such as Lord or Duke

P to S

Parliament
the elected assembly that makes laws
prime minister
the person who leads the government
protestants
Christian belonging to a church that split from the Catholic Church in the 1500s
rebellion
a revolt or uprising against a ruler or government
reign
the time someone is king or queen
royal yacht
ship used by the Queen and her family
Stuarts
Scottish royal family, to which Mary Queen of Scots and James VI belonged

T to Z

treason
the crime of plotting against a ruler or government
Tudor
the royal family that ruled England from 1584 (Henry VII) to 1603 (Elizabeth I)
Tutor
a private teacher who gave lessons at home
Victoria Cross
Britain's highest award for bravery in battle
Other famous writers, poets and musicians

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