Primary History

Famous People: Glossary

Choose a section:

Jump to: A-D | E-G | H-L | M-O | P-S | T-Z

A to D

admiral
Person in command of a fleet (group of ships) in the Navy.
bladder
Part of the body where waste water (urine) is kept
Civil War
Fighting between the English Parliament and the King in the 1640s-1650s.
civil servant
A person who works for the government.
clerk
A person whose job is mostly writing.
decoded
To have solved or broken a code.
diary
The day-to-day happening in a person's life, written by them
disaster
Something very bad that happens, such as a very big fire, flood or earthquake

E to G

flageolet
A kind of flute - a musical instrument you blow.

H to L

lord
A rich person with a title such as Earl or Duke.

M to O

Member of Parliament
Someone elected to make laws.
night watchman
Person who walked the streets at night, with a bell, calling out the time.

P to S

quill
Pens made from sharpened goose feathers.
refugee
Someone who leaves their own country for another, to escape dangers.
Royal Navy
The British navy (ships for fighting).
servant
A person paid to work for rich people.
shorthand
A form of writing which is quick and looks like a code.
symptom
A sign that someone has an illness; for example, coughing is a symptom of a cold.

T to Z

tailor
A person who makes clothes.
wig
False hair; wigs were worn by men and women in Pepys' time.
Other famous writers, poets and musicians

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