Primary History

Famous People: Glossary

Choose a section:

Jump to: A-D | E-G | H-L | M-O | P-S | T-Z

A to D

advisor
A wise person who gives advice.
Christian
A person who believes and follows the teachings of Jesus Christ.
cape
A cloak.
colonists
People who live in a colony.
colony
Settlement by people from one country who move to another country.
copper
A soft metal, used for making things such as pots and knives.

E to G

H to L

hostage
A prisoner who will be released if someone pays money.
Jamestown
A colony in Virginia, founded in 1607.
kidnapped
To be taken and held against your will.
lacrosse
Team game played with sticks with a basket to catch and throw the ball.

M to O

maize
Another name for sweetcorn ('corn on the cob').
Native American
People who lived in America before Europeans.
notches
Grooves cut in wood with a knife.

P to S

portrait
A painting of a person, sometimes just their head.
slave
Someone who is not free, and made to work.
smallpox
A dangerous disease.
starvation
Dying of hunger, not having enough to eat.

T to Z

tobacco
A plant with long leaves. In the 1600s people in Britain had just begun to buy tobacco, to smoke in pipes.
trade
Buying and selling things.
tribe
Group of people with a shared way of life.
Turks
People of Turkey.
war club
A weapon like a heavy stick, used to hit people.
Other famous explorers

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