Primary History

Famous People: Glossary

Choose a section:

Jump to: A-D | E-G | H-L | M-O | P-S | T-Z

A to D

apprentice
Someone who learns a new trade or skill by working with people who do the job.
Battle of Waterloo
A battle in 1815 when British and German soldiers beat Napoleon's French army.
cable
A long rope-like bundle of wires for carrying electric current or messages.

E to G

engineer
Engineers design and build things.
explosion
When something blows up with a bang.
factory
A building where things are made using machines.
French Revolution
Uprising of 1789 which removed the king of France and set up a republic.
governess
A woman who looks after children, often from rich families.

H to L

Industrial Revolution
Changes in work and science that started in the 1700s.

M to O

P to S

paddle-steamer
A ship driven by paddle-wheels turned by an engine.
sandbank
Lots of sand collected on the bottom of a river or the sea.
sawmill
A factory that saws wooden planks.
screw propeller
Pushes a ship along, with blades that spin in the water.
stagecoach
Vehicle pulled by horses, before there were cars.
steamship
Ship with a steam engine burning coals.
suspension bridge
A bridge whose weight is supported by cables.

T to Z

telegraph
Sending messages through an electric cable, invented in 1837.
track
The metal rails of a railway for trains to run along.
trade
Buying something and selling something else in return.
tunnelling shield
Machine for digging tunnels underground safely, by holding up the roof as it goes.
watchmaker
A person who makes watches.

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